As you start learning Spanish, you will understand that the language not only demands good hold over the gender and grammar but also requires you to develop the correct speaking of Spanish accent Marks which will help you in expressing the language.
When initially you had started learning Spanish surely you did not know the correct accent that should be used while speaking the language. But as you learn Spanish, you’ll come across rules that are important for speaking in Spanish.
There must have been instances when you would have wondered about the accent marks that are present in some of the Spanish letters. Like in á, é, í, ó, ú, the marks would have meant nothing to you. But you are wrong. If you think that these marks will be automatically generated while you type in the word processor, then you are completely wrong. You need these accent marks to develop the meaning and proper word usage.
If you know how to use Spanish accents correctly, you’ll not only impress native speakers, but you also won’t be confused about what a word means when it’s written with or without an accent. Accent placement often changes a word’s meaning. These are called homonyms in Spanish. Understanding Spanish accent marks enable you to appreciate one of the many beautiful aspects of Spanish that makes it unique!
But the question is about the learning technique of the Spanish accent marks. The good news is that they’re easier to learn than they seem!
Here are some of the simple rules that will help you to learn these Spanish accent marks without any hindrances.
The accent marks are commonly known as Tildes and are only used in case of five vowels (a,e, I,o,u) and are written in the following way: á, é, í, ó, ú
When words end in a vowel, n, or s, the “stress” of the word is naturally on the second to last syllable and doesn’t require a tilde or accent mark. For instance, in words like gente, bonito and hablas the stress is not on the vowel so there is no necessity of using the accent marks.
When words end in a consonant that is not n or s, the stress naturally falls on the last syllable and doesn’t require a tilde. For instance in words like la capital, el pudor, tomar etc this strategy has been noticed.
It is required to add tildes when the word’s stress doesn’t follow Rule #2 or #3, meaning the stress does not lie where it does normally.
When a word has the stress on its last syllable, then the word is termed as the acute word. This type of word has a tilde on the last syllable if it ends in n, s, or a vowel. For example bamboo, mama and bebé.
Spanish accents are used in feminine and masculine demonstrative pronouns (this one, that one) to differentiate them from the demonstrative adjectives which are identical except that they don’t carry an accent mark.
In case you are using the word “cuánto” which denotes “How much/ many” you will notice that the word always carries an accent mark. Thus no matter where you place this word and how you frame the sentence the accent mark is compulsory.
Spanish accents are also found on all interrogative words when used in a question, indirect question or embedded question. It is easy to spot the regular questions however in case of some irregular questions it is necessary to make a note of the questions.
Accent marks are also used in Spanish to differentiate between words that are pronounced (and therefore spelled) the same but those have different meanings and are commonly known as homonyms. Some of the examples include:
dé (the third-person singular subjunctive form of dar – to give)
When a word has the stress on its second to the last syllable, the word is a palabra grave. This type of word has a tilde on the second to last syllable if it ends in any consonant, except n or s, or a vowel.
These tips will help you to develop your accent in your Spanish language.