Are you interested in learning music? If yes, then here is the simple music theory for beginners which will help you understand the basics of music. Learning music theory can be a memorable journey. Music is a vast subject, and for learning the advanced theory, you are required to pursue academic courses. But with the introduction of music theory for beginners, you can now easily get an idea about the fundamentals of music and along with practical singing ability you will also be capable of understanding the theories behind the keys and the notes. With a good knowledge of music theory, you will be able to recognise what you are playing, and you can then improvise your versions of your favourite songs.
Let us now look at the 5 major lessons for basic music learners:
Lesson 1: Learning 12 keys of music
How will you understand in which key is your favourite song being played? The answer to this question will be found in this lesson. Key is the identifier of the tonal centre of a song. Any particular song that you hear is played using a combination of 12 possible keys on the piano board namely A, A#/Bb, B, C, C#/Db, D, D#/Eb, E, F, F#/Gb, G, and G#/Ab. So when you are singing in key F, if you divert to key C then your song quality and tone will be destroyed. So maintain the key in which you had started singing because all the notes in your song will automatically divert to the original key.
But how will you tell in which Key your song falls? Do not worry, your answer is here. The key signatures will provide clues regarding the key of a particular song. You also need to keep a track of the melody in which a note ends and the chord of the song.
Lesson 2: Idea about major scale
In this lesson, you will understand the importance of major scale. 12 keynotes give rise to 12 different major scales. A majority of the popular songs especially the classical songs falls under the major scales. A common major scale which you may find in most of your songs is the C major. But then you need to identify the major scales based on the whole steps and half steps of the scale.
Lesson 3: Intervals
As per theoretical views an intervalis the distance that is present between two notes. An interval which is played separately is known as melodic interval and if it is played together then it is called harmonic interval. In the case of western songs, you may find the usage of half intervals. This introductory theory will give you an idea about the intervals, but you will be able to understand them while playing practically over the piano.
Lesson 4: Idea about chords of major scale
The Roman numerals that you generally see on the singing notes are known as chords. The chords which have been built on a major scale are generally numbered from one to seven. But this knowledge will be useful to you if you select a song with all major scales and not one specific major scale. Since most of the songs that you will come across are composed on major scale C, hence it will be sufficient for you to know the chord of C. Have you ever noticed the roman numerical one written on major scale C? If yes, then it is the chord of the scale. The chord built on the second note is identified by numeral 2 and then 3 and it goes on consecutively.
Lesson 5: Introduction to circle of fifths
What is the circle of fifths? Confused? It is not some rocket science. Rather the 12 keys all taken together which are present in the piano is commonly known as the circle of fifths. When you plan on improvisation of any of your favourite song, then this circle of fifth will help you. This will also help you in writing music. The three primary chords used in any key can be effectively identified by the circle of fifths. If you take a look at the C major scale and move your eyes clockwise then you will be able to see the circle of keys.