Evolution of languages

Every language has a same root of origin and had come from the same part of world although every language is different from other. Now the most obvious question pops up in every mind is where do languages come from? The answer to this question is as old as human being’s ability to pose it. The two top answers for this question are, the first is evolution, where the first human banter was heard and the second is ontological that how human civilization acquires the power of speech and understanding.

Every language of the world has evolved from a prehistoric mother tongue, thousand years ago which was spoken in Africa. Dr. Quentin Atkinson analyses more than five hundred languages and found that all the languages have their roots back to a long forgotten dialect spoken by Stone Age civilization. All the findings show their traces to Africa as the origin of languages. It is believed that early humans from Africa began to migrate to different parts of world around seventy thousand years ago but no exact evidence has found when and where our ancestors first began to talk. Some scientist believes that evolution of languages has occurred independently in different parts of world while other believes that every language from English to mandarin has evolved from a single prehistoric mother tongue. Dr. Atkinson, of Auckland University has come up with the evidence that every language has its origin roots in Africa. He performed a study on the number of sounds or phonemes uses in all languages around the world and charted them on the map and he found out that the distinct phonemes or sound of languages increases as it is closer to sub Saharan Africa.

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About languages

Over 7000 different spoken languages are estimated all around the globe and among those one fifty to two hundred languages are used by over a million of population. There are 46 languages which have only single speaker. It has estimated at Asia has 2,200 different languages spoken in various countries while Europe has 260 languages. On the bases of common ancestor languages are grouped into families like Indo European family has English, German, Dutch, French, Italian, Spanish and etc. Different languages have different vocabulary and origin but similar grammatical structure.  According to UNESCO (The United Nations’ Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization) the most widely used spoken languages as per number of native speakers are Chinese, English, Hindi, Spanish, Mandarin, German, French, Russian, Bengali and Arabic.

Research shows that the five hardest languages to learn are Arabic, Mandarin, Chinese, Cantonese, Japanese and Korean language while Dutch is considered to be easiest language for English speakers.  The mother tongue of any language is the most important element of any language and the ease and difficulty of learning any language depends on its mother tongue only as the more similar the mother tongue of learning language to learner’s native language makes the learner easy to learn. UNESCO has identified 2500 endangered languages which are at risk of extinction as these languages are used by less than 1000 people and it will end with them only if not passed to others. The world’s most widely used writing system is Latin or Roman alphabet which is still in use today.

There are several advantages of learning different languages as many scientists believe that knowledge of as second language boost brainpower and also according to a research it has found that people who knows different languages earns 8% more than others who don’t. There is a famous quote of Nelson Mandela, ”If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart.”  The United Nation uses six official languages which are English, Chinese, French, Spanish, Russian and Arabic to conduct their business. Sanskrit, Hebrew, Sumerian and Basque are the oldest known languages. A study of macaque monkeys suggests that languages may evolve to improve social networks and communication and enhance trade. Sounds like mama and ouch were the initial words as mama or similar ma sounds means mother.

During 17th century over 200 artificial languages were created which was created by scholar for communication and later on one was developed for trade and commerce which includes Esperanto, Interlingua and Ido. Esperanto is mixture of Latin, German, English and it is widely spoken all over the world. Language is significant to every aspect of life. It is use to share feeling, informing desire and understanding the world. It is important for an individual to learn other languages apart from their won as it helps to learn about other people and culture.