Category Archives: Languages

Top 10 Books on English Language

Today English is the most commonly used, i.e. spoken, written and listened language, making it extremely popular all around the world. In many countries, it has become the second official language, as they have understood the importance of it in the modern context. This is the reason, why it is also termed as a ‘Universal language’. Considering this, numerous books have been published on the given language, teaching people how to use it in the most effective manner and gain optimum results out of it.

experienced-english-copyOne such book is “Experiencing English” by Dean Curry in 1992. This text was prepared as a reading and speaking practice book for beginning level students of English as a Foreign Language. It is one of the leading texts that have helped both, the students to learn the language, as well as teachers to impart education to them on the same. Even though lesson plan and exercises mentioned in the book are to be presented verbally in a classroom, still the teachers have been given the liberty of giving such exercises to students in the form of assignments. The reading selections are to be considered as the principal information source. Illustrations mentioned in the book have a sole purpose of confirming or strengthening the information that has been presented in the form of text in the book. This book has been considered to be one of the best books to learn about the language and gain fluency in terms of reading, writing and speaking the language.
essential-guide-copyAnother such book was written by David Freeman and Yvonne Freeman in 2007, titled “English Language Learners: The Essential Guide”. Here the two authors on learning English language showed mainstream teachers a large number of settings and set ups that they can use to support growth and enhancement of the language in terms of content. In addition to it, they can also try to organize the curriculum around various kinds of themes, and be able to extract information on the basis of learners’ primary language and the culture they may belong to. Furthermore, teachers can also try to emphasize a lot on meaningful readings, writings and thus be able to develop English as secondary language among individuals. It is one of the best books for learning the language, not only because of reason that it is developed and written by two experts on the field, but also because it guides teachers on the best ways they can adopt to provide learning to students on the language and become proficient in it.
started-with-copyIn “Getting Started with English Language Learners” by Judie Haynes in 2007, the author attempts to inform readers about various practical resources that educators can use in order to impart or instill English language among the learner(s). By understanding ways in which students learn a second language on the basis of differentiated instructions that they might receive in order to review or even practically implement practical strategies. This way, the book states that teaching newcomers to the language can be taught with great ease and comfort and their control over English can be improved slowly and gradually. Through this book, the author tries to identify and recommend some ways through which new teachers to English as a second language can make their work proficient and also be able to provide effective and efficient learning to the students.
learning-copyAnother book was written by Jie Zhang in 2009, titled “Improving English Language Learners’ Oral and Written Language through Collaborative Discussions”. This book is considered to be one of the most effective ways to learn the language because it conducted a primary research on the topic, wherein 75 Hispanic students from fifth-grade classrooms were involved in the study. This allowed the author to present some live and raw examples related to the topic, as well as various problems that may have to be faced while delivering education to students on English language to make them proficient in all aspects of the language.
stefan-copyIn book “English as a Second Language and Naturalistic Learning” by Stefan Prahl in 2007, is a theoretical study of language acquisition. In the final chapter of the book, various approaches to teaching English as a second language have been described. It is specially very useful and effective for teachers in German schools as they would get thorough information on the ways they can teach English as a second language to their students.

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Similarly, authors Neil Mercer and Joan Swann in their book “Learning English: Development and Diversity” 1996, state that English is an international language which can be learned easily and comfortably in a wide variety of settings and lookouts. In this book, an analysis of different processes used in learning and acquiring English language has been discussed. In addition to it, meaning and understanding about what it feels like to learn the given language also has been discussed in the book. Furthermore, a special place has been given in the book to evaluate English as a part of formal education; as well as some issues that have surrounded the teaching of English.

kate-copyKate Menken in his book “English Learners Left Behind” in 2008 discusses about how high stakes tests that were made compulsory by ‘No Child Left Behind’ have emerged to become a prime policy in US’s education system, especially in that of the schools. The book provides an in-depth analysis of how these tests have contributed to development of school and other educational institutions’ curriculum and instructions; as well as the various ways in which these tests are affecting daily lives of learners of the English language along with teachers who provide the same.
literature-copyIn book “Literature based instructions with English language learners” 2002, the authors Nancy Hadaway, Sylvia Vardell and Terrell Young, use a literature-based approach to understand how children learn language and how it is taught in today’s diverse classrooms. The material is based on the belief that literature offers the most effective instructional approach for English language learners. Carol Chapelle in his book “English Language Learning and Technology” 2003 discusses about the impact of recent developments in technologies used in teaching English as a second language on applied linguistics. The book primarily focuses on English language learning, in addition to recognizing different areas of interconnection among both technologies used for teaching and the applied linguistics.
 motivation-copyYoshiyuki Nakata, in “Motivation and Experience in Foreign Language Learning” 2006 sheds light on the process of development of different motivations intrinsic in nature and the necessity of learning a foreign language to non-English-speaking individuals. Moreover, it also investigates the relationship between educational experiences of the learners and ways to develop motivation among such individuals in these kinds of situations. In the book, different sources of education psychology and philosophy also have been discussed. Additionally, the author also has shed light on findings of research studies that consisted of qualitative or interpretative and quantitative approaches. In such investigations, EFL students of Japanese universities were involved.

Tutoring becomes part of Rising Uberisation Culture

Uberisation is basically known as the application age or the advanced age where people are becoming advanced and using the applications for everything. This application culture is known as the uberisation culture. Uberisation, in other words, can be known as the ways in which the societies nowadays are adapting to the change by using the apps for different purposes. The primary cause of the rise in the uberisation culture is the increase in the advancement of technology. It had been estimated by the United Nations that around half of the entire world’s population would be using applications for most of the purposes and daily routines by the end of 2008. The United Nations also estimated that more than 60% of the population of developing world and more than 72% population of the developed world will be using the application on their smartphones by the end of 2050 which is almost equal to 3 billion people.

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Modern parents and the children usually prefer the online studies and online technologies more than the face to face interaction with the tutors. Thus, it can be said that the uberisation culture is raising every day, and more people are taking up the advantage of the applications nowadays. Tutoring industry has taken a great advantage of this rising uberisation culture. It was very difficult for the tutoring industry to step forward for getting the success when people were not using the apps for tutoring. However, this problem has been solved as people are continuously getting into the applications for tutoring purpose. It is usually said that the people take a huge advantage from the tutoring industry to qualify their children. Hence, tutoring has become a part of the rising uberisation culture where the modern people mostly use the features of online tutoring technology. The most important thing about the mobile applications is that it allows the students to ask questions from anywhere in the world, and even they can ask through the snapshots.
It is not mostly realised by the people that every single person on the earth has some of the skills which may be valuable for the other people. Therefore, that person can be a tutor and teach the other people about his/her knowledge and the skills. Mostly people think that a person needs a degree and need to be perfect in the field. This fact limits the people to become tutors and share their knowledge. Hence, the sharing economy must be applied to the education to overcome this problem. The most important requirement of a sustainable economy is that supply and demand sides should be beneficial from a transaction. There is much inefficiency in the tutoring industries between the teachers and the students. Mostly the students think that they are paying more than enough for being taught. On the other hand, the teachers think that they are not getting paid enough. Thus, it can be said that a powerful supplement can be provided with the help of a knowledge marketplace. An example can be considered as; there is an online tutoring platform at Course Hero, which allows the students to ask questions and also allows the teacher to answer those questions. The tutors get paid for answering the questions, and the students pay for getting answers. Usually, it happens that the teachers do not get much time during the office hours to assist the students. This problem is solved by the online platforms that the tutors are made available for 24 hours a day and seven days a week.

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The most important benefit of such online tutoring platforms is that the students can also negotiate the hourly rate of the tutors for every single interaction with the tutors. This makes sure that the tutors feel that they are getting paid according to their services, and even the students are paying what they want to pay. These online tutoring platforms help the tutors and the students not to feel that they are underpaid and overpaying respectively. Thus, the problem is solved with the help of online tutoring and also the sharing economy has been introduced in education through such platforms. Most importantly, it is just a single step process to apply the sharing economy model in education to make the resources more affordable and to make them available every time.
In simple words, the millennial people are the one who were born in the early 1980s and 2000s. The millennial people are also known as Generation Y, and they are abbreviated as Gen Y. The most common birth range of the millennial people is between the years 1982 and 2000. The millennial is known as Generation Y because they usually come after the people of Generation X (the people who were born in the early 1960s and the early 1980s). There are also some other names of the generation X people such as; Boomerang Generation or Peter Pan. These people are known with these different names because of the tendency of some of the people to recoil with their parents. The reason of this recoiling was possibly the growth in the propensity to stoppage of the adulthood rites of passage.
Education has nowadays become the most important part for the millennial and hence the tutoring industry has covered the millennial to provide tutors for the needy students. The online tutoring services have developed such techniques that provide the best services for the millennial at affordable prices and they also give the best outcomes for them. There are a lot of services available for different age groups in these tutoring platforms that help the millennial to understand in a better way. Also, these available services for the millennial lead them towards the right educational tracks as soon as they born. There were also services available for the starters which can also guide the parents even before the baby is born. These educational services for the millennial have helped them through the choices of schools and GSAT. There have been introduced a lot of tutoring services for the millennial that has the aim of preparing the students to successfully navigate the system. The tutoring services have implemented on the fact that no one in the world wants to be the one that cannot understand the schools, colleges, universities. Keeping in mind about this implementation, the tutoring platforms have grown a lot in kinds of best practices, tutors and study tips. The tutoring services that are made available for the millennial have mainly aimed to De-Mystify the growing process and being successful. Thus, it can be said that tutoring has become a significant part for the millennial and also is accepted by most of the millennial people.
People nowadays can do everything on demand such as; they can request for a private car or taxi on demand, they can stream television, they can also request or order for some food on demand. Thus, everything is in demand nowadays, and people have different tools for requesting anything on demand. The world has so grown up in terms of technology and education that now people can even demand a tutor by using different tools and different platforms. Tutors are also nowadays available for the students on demand for solving or answering their questions. There have been a number of applications introduced in the play store, Apple store and windows store that match the students and the private tutors with just a single mouse click. The students, who need help regarding some specific subjects, can directly communicate to the tutors who can readily solve their problems. Also, these tutors can assist those students with the best possible answers for their questions. The best thing about these online applications is that the students do not need to wait for a long time for being answered their questions. This is a quick process where the students are quickly answered their question by the tutors of their own choice.
Apart from this, there are also some of the features available within these online applications with the help of which the tutors can also choose to answer the question of the students, and they can get paid for the same. Thus, these applications are known as the on-demand applications because the students can get answers on demand and also the tutors can assist the students on demand. The concept of the on-demand tutoring is very simple which is beneficial for the students as well as the tutors. The students pay for getting the solutions to their problems, and the tutors get paid for answering them. The tutoring websites or the tutoring applications charge around 20 to 30 percent of the fees that students pay to the tutors. For example; if a student pays $100 to a tutor for getting the solution, the tutoring application will charge $20 and will pay $80 to the teacher who provided a solution to the student. Thus, it brings benefits for all the students, the teachers as well as the host website or application.

The future of Russian Language in the United Kingdom

United Kingdom Census had estimated in the year 2001 that more than 15000 people were Russian-born and were residents in the UK. It is very obvious that 15000 is not a small number. Another obvious fact is that this number might have increased in the past several years. Well, this number has increased a lot. It had been estimated in the year 2014 that more than 150,000 Russian people were the residents in London. Hence, the Russian residents cannot be neglected in the United Kingdom as there are a lot many. Thus, it can definitely be said that there is a huge future of the Russian language in the UK also the Russian language has lot many scopes for a better carrier. The reason for many of the Russian coming to the UK is that they joined the EU in 2004, and hence they come from the Baltic States. There are almost 300,000 Russian descent people in the UK.

The Russian language is one of the most geographically widespread languages of Europe and Asia and the Russian language is also the most widely spoken language of the Slavic languages. The Russian language is one of the largest native languages spoken in Europe with more than a hundred million native speakers in Belarus, Ukraine and Russia. The Russian language has taken over the 8th place for the most spoken languages in the world by the number of speakers, and it has also taken over the 4th place by the total number of speakers. Russian language as become one of the six official languages which are spoken in the United Kingdom.

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There are a lot many Russian schools in London and South East which are having an aim of transmitting the Russian language and Russian culture to the Russian children. For example, there is a school named “The Russian Embassy School in London”. This is a Russian international school which has been established in the capital city of the UK, London.

Russian Language Learning ResourcesRussian Language Learning Resources in the United Kingdom

            As it has already been explained above that the number of Russian residents in the UK is very large, and hence those people need to learn the Russian language also. Some of the learning resources of Russian language are listed below:-

  • ru has a collection of a lot of dictionaries, and it also includes the specialised dictionaries.
  • BBC languages are really very helpful for the beginners.
  • Beginner’s Russian is available in a combination of Hippocrene Books, threshold and the textbook used for OPAL elementary.
  • Slavic Dictionary
  • Study Russian Online is also helpful for the beginners as it contains some of the phonetics and grammatical explanations.
  • Russian sign language: there is a film available in the library which contains some written and visual Russian sign language.
  • Golosa Basic Course in Russian is an introductory Russian course which is mainly focusing on communicative language and grammar/structure.
  • Shining Happy People is a blog which is ideal for the beginners. It includes Russian word for the day and many other tips.
  • Russian National Corpus: This is suitable for all who are interested in learning the Russian language and various associated fields.
  • Russian Mentor is also an interactive language learning resource.
  • Multitran is a Russian dictionary which contains almost all the important Russian words for learning the Russian language.
  • Learn Russian Free is a list of frequent vocabularies which contains about 2000 words which are most frequently used and it also contains some quizzes.
  • History of Slavic languages: Polish, Russian and Serbo-Croatian in comparison.
  • List of Russian search engines from Phil Bradley’s website

3rd image copyScopes for The Russian language in the UK

            There is, unfortunately, no shortcut available for getting a job. All that matters for getting a job is the skills and the proficiency of an individual. Hence, the person should be genuinely skilled in the Russian language so that the employing company can use his/her skills in the Russian Language.

By knowing all the above facts and figures, the Russian language can enhance the job opportunities in the below-listed fields and areas:-

Call centres, BPO firms, trade (import or export of goods or products), interpreter and several companies in the UK dealing with the Russian companies in field of production, translation, teaching (both nationally and internationally), translator is various fields (like; court, library, schools and so on), post offices, diplomatic services, tourism and hospitality industry, international agencies, International business and many more.

Career opportunities with a degree in Spanish

When an individual student graduates with either of the majors in Spanish he/she has a wide range of options in job opportunities after the completion of graduation. Spanish major is really very helpful for the students as it provides them with a greatly enriched view of the entire world around them. It is helpful to them because it also provides them with the best Spanish language skills which are really important in many professional occupations. The Spanish degree helps the students and prepare them for best graduation studies in Spanish as well as the best schools of the profession such as medicine, education, business, law. It also helps the students to prepare for working in different professions such as publishing, management, business, teaching, law and many other opportunities. Along with this, it also helps to prepare for the entry level positions across all over the world. A student of Spanish bachelor’s degree program not only learns how to speak Spanish, but he/she also studies about the Spanish literature, culture and the history of the culture. Most of the Spanish degrees include their studies with the other different areas of career opportunities. For example; travel of communication, government and international business where the other foreign languages are also essential parts.

There are a lot many career opportunities for the students who have a degree in Spanish. Some of those career opportunities are listed and explained below in detail:-

Government

govservices copySome of the examples of career opportunities in this field are agricultural specialist, Office of Economic Opportunity, Foreign Claims Settlement Commission, Department of Treasury, Armed forces, Bureau of Narcotics, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Government research specialist, State Department, Agency for International Development, VISTA, Peace Corps, special agent, FBI linguist, CIA, court interpreter, interpreter (US or UN), translator, Diplomat, and all levels of government in areas with large immigrant population.

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Suggested Strategy

            The government is undoubtedly the largest employer of people who have good foreign language skills! Those people can visit the website www.usajobs.gov, which is the government’s official job website. They can consider attempting a specialized language school where they were taught different foreign languages (for example, Monterrey Institute). Then finally they can learn the process of government hiring.

Communications

communicationSome of the examples of career opportunities in this field are international telephone operator, interpreter, entertainment, film, foreign markets, advertiser for ethnic, translator, editor, Voice of America writer, video crew, network reporter, CNN, executive, technician, reporter, TV or radio writer, editor, writer, photographer, and Journalism: foreign correspondent.

Business

business copySome of the examples of career opportunities in this field are cultural organizations, medical organizations service, banks, brokerage firms, import‐export firms, secretarial and clerical opportunities, Public Relations, Personnel manager, technical expert, executive or manager, marketing, fashion buyer, sales, advertising, foreign branch of U.S. firm, representative for U.S. firm abroad, U.S. representative for foreign company, International law, banking, and patent attorney.

Suggested Strategy

            People, who have a degree in Spanish, can also have some job opportunities in industry and comers. They can supplement the coursework with different business minors. They also have a chance for gaining the experience with the help of international internship or studying in abroad.

Travel and Tourism

travelandtourism copySome of the examples of career opportunities in this field are airport personnel, flight attendant, restaurant employee, hotel, tour guide, and travel agent.

Suggested Strategy

 

            People, who have a degree in Spanish, can also have some job opportunities in travel and tourism. They can get a part‐time job with restaurants, hotels, or the visitors’ bureau and they can gain and improve their experience. Along with this, they can also plan to attend a travel school. Those students also have an opportunity of developing strong administrative skills. They can also read the international newspapers so that they can keep abreast of the world affairs.

Scientific Fields

scientific copySome of the examples of career opportunities in this field are medicine, museum work, archaeology, technical liaison for U.S. firms abroad, researcher, translator, and technical writer.

Library

library copySome of the examples of career opportunities in this field are classifier of foreign documents, translator, and Librarian in U.S., overseas.

Education

eduaction copySome of the examples of career opportunities in this field are a textbook author, editor, translator, and teacher.

Suggested Strategy

            People, who have a degree in Spanish, can also have some job opportunities in services and education. They can obtain state licensure for teaching the students of K to 12. They can also teach English subject in some other country. Along with this, they can also consider the coursework in English grammar and linguistics. Those people can also gain and improve their experience in tutoring or teaching ESL. Apart from this, they have another opportunity of Volunteering with VISTA, Teach for America, Peace Corps, or Americorps to increase their experience. Apart from all these opportunities, the students having Spanish degree can also obtain a graduate degree for university‐level teaching jobs.

Social Services

socailservices copySome of the examples of career opportunities in this field are a case worker, vocational counsellor, medical research writer, nursing, minister, income tax consultant; missionary, health services, welfare, Law enforcement.