Category Archives: Education

9 Books for English Language Learners

“The only normal way to begin speaking in a new language is to begin speaking badly” – Grey Thompson

Do you support this statement?
If you do, then why are you afraid of English?
Nowadays, there are several ways that may help you to learn English in the easiest way and here we have come with the best suggestion for improving your knowledge of English. So, don’t worry check out our suggestions to make yourself comfortable in English. Remember, English is not a big challenge, it is just a language, that everyone can learn.

Many times, our parents and teachers ask us to read the books properly. Do you know why they say so? It is because speaking loudly helps us to understand where we are right and where we are wrong. So, if you are interested in learning English, you need to read.

Here, we have mentioned some books that you may consider learning English.

 

Charlotte’s Web
This book is one of the most suitable books that you may choose to read English. You may purchase this book from stores or you may buy it online. You will find the easiest sentences, which you can understand and read properly. It is a story about a little girl and the smallest pig, and you will enjoy while reading the book. The writer E. B. White has described the story in the simplest way. If you select this particular book, we are sure that you will enjoy this book and after reading you will find yourself familiar with the foreign language.

The outsiders
This is another easy to read English book that you may consider while learning English at the initial stage. the story line of the book is very simple so that everyone can understand the inner meaning of the story. The story is about some teenagers. The story is very interesting and so you will not feel bored while reading the book. If you are a teenager, then this is the perfect book for you. You will find adventure while reading the story and at the same time, this story will improve your vocabulary.

Thirteen reasons why
This book is written in the simple present tense and the sentences used by the writer is short. So, you can easily understand the language while reading this story. NY Times has considered this book as one of the best books for the English learners. You will happy to know that this book is the award-winning book and many people have considered as the best book for summer vacation.

The House on Mango Street
The story of “The House on Mango Street” is very interesting to read. The best part that you will find in this book is understood of various culture. The book is written in a very clear language that you can understand easily.

Mieko and the Fifth Treasure
We also suggest you read the book Mieko and the Fifth Treasure. This is a very short story and it is very suitable for the persons, who are at the initial stage of English learning. The book is not much famous, but if you start reading this book, you will find it interesting.

The old man and the sea
The next book that we are suggesting you is “The old man and the sea”. This book is very popular and it includes several conversations, which will help you learn how to speak in English. If you want to strengthen your vocabulary, then this book is best for you.

Number the stars
If you love realistic story and want to read the story in English, then this book is just for you. The book will not only give you the knowledge of English, but you can also gather the knowledge of literature from this book. The language used in this book is very soothing, which will attract you.

The Giver
In this book, the author has used very catchy language that will grab your attention towards the language. The grammar used by the author is very easy and you will face no confusion while reading the book. The sentences in the book are short, which is important for an English learner.

A wrinkle in time
Though this book has some longer sentences, you will not face any difficulties as the grammar and vocabulary are very easy. The vocabulary used in this book is very simple and the story line is very interesting. So, you can definitely consider this book if you are planning to learn English.

The Greatest English Words and Phrases of 2016

Phrases are part and parcel of language. In every culture, you will find some wise sayings or phrases that you tend to use while conversing with other people. You can either call them proverbs or you can also call them phrases. But if you are not knowledgeable about the phrases and the proverbs and their meanings then you will be the odd man out during a conversation.

Learning phrases and proverbs will help you to understand the mindset of the English speaking people about the individuals, the cultures and the community. Phrases can also give you the option of good sentence making opportunities, and you can memorise some of the phrases and use them for building your sentences.

2016 has brought about a lot of change within the speaking technique of the English language speakers. Now you will see that it is common to use phrases like “Out of the blue”, “Once in a blue moon” ‘Speak of the devil’ and ‘a piece of cake’ in our daily conversation with other people.

You might be familiar with the big fat book called Oxford English Dictionary (OED). Surely you have learnt loads of new words and new phrases from OED. However, with the change in time, you will see that the breadth of the OED book is increasing. The reason being that many new words and phrases are being added to the OED so here you will find the list of some of the most popular phrases of 2016 that has become a trend in the conversations of the English speaking individuals:

Speak of the devil”: You may have often used this phrase when you see a person arrive in between a conversation with whom you were discussing or thinking. Thus this is an interesting phrase that suggests that when a person you are talking to turns up at the moment.

Break a leg”: This is a familiar phrase to you if you are a stage actor. This is a sign of good luck for the actors who are about to perform on the stage.

To hit the nail on the head”: This phrase is used to describe exactly what is causing a situation or problem.

To add insult to the injury’: Are you facing a worse situation? And is there any instance when your situation is getting worst? Then this is the best phrase that can describe your situation in just a single sentence.

To let the cat out of the bag’: Planning for the big surprise? And someone leaked it out to your near ones? Then positively they have let the cat out of the bag. This is an interesting and catchy phrase which has become very popular in 2016, especially among the female teenagers and mid age female segment of English speakers. Only when your secret is revealed, you can use the phrase to describe your situation.

Once in a blue moon’: This phrase denotes an event that happens infrequently. So for denoting the infrequent visits of an old friend you can casually say the phrase.

See eye to eye’: This means agreeing with someone. So next time when you are in same agreement with your friend, you can see eye to eye with that person.

Out of the Blue’: This phrase denotes the meaning of being surprised. This is one of the most commonly used phrases of 2016. Majorly people of all types of cultures who are well versed in English are familiar with this phrase and you will often hear people saying out of the blue to denote the sudden actions of a surprise that they have faced.

You can’t judge the book by its cover’: This phrase indicates that an individual should not be judged solely on the appearance and the external features. This is a rightly said phrase because many times it has been seen that depending on the external features the decision of character analysis of an individual made which should not at all be acceptable.

So now you are well acquainted with the new phrases that are a trend in 2016. You can now use them while making conversation in English and you with the utilisation of the phrases you can now make your language different from others.

7 Awesome Channels to Learn English on YouTube

As per C.S Lewis, “You are never too old to set another goal or to dream a new dream.” Similarly, you are never too old to learn something new. And when it is the Queen’s language we are talking about, then there is no good time for learning English. You can quickly start learning English anytime and at any age.

You must have tried many grammar books, heard new channels, tried to read newspapers and learn English. I am sure most of you have either failed in this process or have thought that these processes are way too boring. Then we have a brilliant and creative idea for all you English learners out there!!!

Now learn English from YouTube!!! Thousands of free YouTube videos are present which will help you creatively learn English. But then the question must have popped up – Why should I use YouTube to learn English. We have super cool answers to that as well.

We are sure that you watch YouTube videos daily and since Smartphone are now a part of your life hence watching these videos at any place, may it be in malls, or be in metros, is a common practice. So make watching the English learning tutorials a practice. Secondly, you will also have the option of pause and rewind while watching the video which will help you to grasp the meaning slowly. Moreover, books tend to become boring after a particular time. You will feel the burden of learning the language after a certain time. But if you learn from YouTube videos then the audio and visual approach will keep your concentration on the learning process, and you will be able to learn fast.

How will you find out the relevant sites from which you can learn the language? That might be a difficult task for you. However, we will make it easy for you by listing the top 7 awesome channels on YouTube that are just perfect for you to learn English quickly.

Check out the following lists of 7 most popular and effective YouTube channels that will help you to learn English:

Rachel’s English show: If you are already an expert in the language and your priority is to improve the pronunciation part, then this is the right show for you. In the show, you will find Rachel who is conducting the video with refined pronunciation. Watch these videos, and you will understand the tongue moves that will make you pronounce like an American.

MisterDuncan English show: This is the most popular English learning show available on YouTube. Mister Duncan is a charming personality who is highly passionate about his topic, and you will be overwhelmed by a sense of humour he will use for making the learning process easier.

British Council English learning channel: We are sure that you have heard about British Council. Now you have the option of free assessment of the British Council channel without any payment. Thanks to YouTube. If you are weak in grammar, then this is the right choice for you. You will learn fast with the help of their animated grammar lessons and videos.

Real English: Are you a beginner in the English language? Do you need to learn to apply vocabulary in meaningful sentences? If yes, then this is your platform. Real English teaches the viewers English with the help of real-life situations and also will provide you with free dictionary option to increase your word stocks.

VOA Learning English: This channel is for matured learners. They usually offer news videos with slow speed so that the learner can understand the language.

Business English Pod: This site is useful for people who are trying to learn professional or business English. If you think the way you talk with your friends is similar to the way you will interact in your office, then watch the videos and learn the difference.

Easy English: This is strikingly opposite to business English Channel. Here interviews taken from English speaking people are shown in order to help you to grasp the colloquial language and accent.

So now you know that YouTube videos are not only for watching silly cats and dog’s videos but also you can gain some knowledge from watching relevant YouTube Videos and become an English learner in just some days.

13 Facts about Online Degree

An online degree is an easiest and affordable way to achieve your academic milestone. Nowadays, we all are familiar with online education. All of you know that it is the easiest, time-saving and cost-saving way of completing the educational courses.

Are you going to opt for an online degree? Here we have mentioned about some facts regarding online degree that you would like to know before joining any online course:

1. In today’s era, 77% of the academic experts have considered online education or degree better than our traditional way of education. It is a fact, which if you prefer to achieve your degree online, you will get better chance to learn the subject. So, if you are confused about the selection of your education pattern, then the online education or degree is more trustworthy to you.

2. If you complete your degree online, you can earn lots of dollars, which is sometimes more than the earnings of a student, who completed the degree through the traditional way of education. You must know that, in today’s scenario, a graduate with an online degree is earning $150000 per annum.

3. Most of the Universities in UK and USA are now providing the full-time online degree courses. Statistics shows us 62.4% of the Universities in the United Kingdom are offering full-time online degrees and you will be shocked to know that the percentage of the Universities providing online degree courses has increased by 34.5% in last few years.

4. If you are working at somewhere, then you have better opportunity to enhance your career by completing the degree online. There are 46% students like you, who have selected online degree courses just to improve their career further. They prefer online degree courses because it is flexible, convenience and affordable.

5. You can complete your two years’ degree course only in 1 year by adopting the online option. It not only saves your time but it saves your money also. You can easily balance your education, job and family life, without hampering anything. In online degree courses, you are free to study anytime and anywhere; there is no hard and fast rule in online education.

6. If you are thinking to opt for online degree for completing a long-term degree course, then you must think twice. Many academic experts have voted against online degrees in the case of long-term courses because they believe that students cannot maintain the online classes for long-time. There are many distractions that hamper their online education. In fact, many students lose their patience in long-term online courses.

7. There is another lucrative facility that you can enjoy in online degree courses, and that is the credit transfer from the previous college, University or institutions. Many students (more or less 80%) in the UK transfer their credits from the previous colleges, Universities or institutions to complete the online degree.

8. You can get the education from an international perspective in online degrees. Online degrees provide you with a wider platform for your education and future career. You can share your views in the group of international students, which will improve your knowledge and skills.

9. If you are already employed at some company, then you can get help from your employer’s end to complete your course. It means you can reduce the financial burden of education by selecting the online degree courses. There are 12% online students, who get financial help from their employer for the online course.

10. If you are a student of business and management, then online is the best way to complete your degree. There are several online degree courses for the students of business and management that you can select as per your choice.

11. Statistics shows that female students opt more for the online degree courses than the male students. There are 70% of the female students in the world, who have opted for different online degree courses; whereas only 30% male students have opted the online degree courses.

12. The students from Caucasian ethnic group prefer to attempt online degree courses more than any other ethnic groups. On the other hand, the percentage of North American students is lowest in this case.

13. It is also important for you to know that there are 80% of the students taking online classes, belong from the areas that are within 100 miles of a University.

Use of French Words and Phrases in the English language

The English language has a great influence of French on its vocabulary, and there are many words from the French origin that are used daily while speaking English. Many of the words might have the same meaning but have been modified in the spelling, but it cannot be denied that they share French roots. It is estimated that near about 28% of the English vocabulary consists of words that have been included from the French language. Like, force, machine, publicity, etc. are of French origin, but presently are used and pronounced as per the English orthography.

French orthography includes nasal vowels that are entire absent from the English language. There are a lot of phrases and words that are being used in the English language without realising that they have been adopted from the French language. Let us study a few of the words and phrases that have transformed English in its modern sense as we study it today.

French Language Learning Resource:- http://www.selectmytutor.co.uk/subject-french.html

Bijou

It is proper French word that has been adopted by the English language. In French, this word means a small gem. However, in the English language, the same word has been adopted but with entirely different meaning and use. From a small jewel in French Bijou was converted to anything stylish with a small size. It might sound funny but is a reality that how the same word has two different meanings. If a person speaking English uses Bijou in any aspect other than jewels in front of a French speaking person, then he might get puzzled and do not understand the reason for using it.

For example, in English one would write, And this was not some tiny bijou hotel foyer. This means that the hotel was not small. The French would use bijou as Je vais vous achater un bijou! It means that I will buy you a jewel.

Femme fatale

This phrase is used as it is in the English vocabulary carrying the same meaning as it has in the French language. The meaning of this phrase means a deadly and seductive woman. It is generally used to describe a woman who is quite dangerous. In English and French it carries the same meaning, but while using this phrase, no one would have ever wondered that it is not an English phrase rather it has been adopted from French. A slight difference is that when this phrase in English is has a very subtle meaning that is a dangerous woman, but in contrast, when the same is used in French it feels to be more sassy in the meaning.

Panache

 In its real sense, the panache is a French word that means a feather or ornament worn above the hat as a decorative item. However, the word found a change in its definition when Henri IV showed courage and bravery. Thus is became a synonym of flamboyance since then. Even though the word is used in English with the same spelling and meaning, but it has less use here. It is majorly used in the French. However, there are still cases where panache is used in daily English conversations.

Je ne sais quoi

When a French person sees something that is very attractive but cannot be expressed in words, he will use the phrases Je ne sais quoi. This phrase has been adopted in the English language but with a reduced intensity of expressions. In English, it would imply a person does not have words to describe anything. However, it can be in positive as well negative sense, but in French has a more of a positive inclination. Thus, one can say that the French expression of the phrase is much more effective than its adopted English version.

Exposé

In the beginning, the word expose was used as a noun meaning telling the reason behind any decision or logic used to solve any problem. Over the years it evolved to be used for unveiling the secret behind any scandal. It came to be associated with a single meaning and bringing in light the faces or facts that have been involved in a fraud. This word means exactly the same in French also. However, in English, it has been modified in the way it is written i.e. expose. Except this, there is no other difference in the meaning or use of this French word.

Eau de toilette

This phrase might sound a little familiar to you. You have read this phrase every time you would have read the contents of a perfume bottle. In earlier times the literal meaning of this phrase is toilet water. Do not get shocked! The times have gone and also the use of the phrase being used for toilet water. However, the meaning of Eau de toilette has now transformed to being a light perfume both in English and French. Hence, you can be relaxed about buying a perfume, but try to notice the phrase printed on you bottle and resist laughing.

Gauche

Talking of French people the word literally means left to them, but the English modification of the word is a little different. In English vocabulary, the word Gauche means something awkward. There is a lot of difference in both the meanings. However, it is assumed that the modification has been adopted because it becomes awkward for the left-handers to live in a place where there is a maximum number of right-handers. Thus, when used in French, it might convey a different meaning.

Here one can see the similarities as well as the differences in the words and phrases that have been adopted in English vocabulary from the French language. There are some adoptions that find a more elaborative meaning in English while others make more sense when used in French.

English Language Learning Resource:-http://www.selectmytutor.co.uk/subject-english.html

Whatever be the case it is difficult to deny that English language’s many words have French origin which is unknown to many. Thus, next time you use any English word try to find out the history of its existence and from where it came to be used in English. It is interesting to know that how two entirely different languages have so much in common to share.

11 Websites Where You Can Learn To Read Music

Everyone likes listening to good music. It energises and provides peace of mind. A person can develop his education of music by learning. Many people think that it is difficult to learn music and requires a lot of efforts.

Many people who love music and do not have any lessons of music earlier gets dishearten that they cannot learn it. In fact, learning music is similar to learning other languages and only requires little efforts. It is as skill and is very necessary for classical music.Learning music only requires practising and determination as any other thing. Various symbols are used in music, and every symbol has its own meaning. These symbols are used in music notes and rhythm.

As technology has enhanced and internet connections are there anyone with the use of technology can teach themselves the basics of music.

Learn Music Instruments: –  http://www.selectmytutor.co.uk/subject/music.html

Here are the 11 websites which help music lovers in learning.

Read Sheet Music (http://readsheetmusic.info/)

This website will help the person to learn the basics of music. It will teach a person all the music symbols and chords. This website also includes various images which help the person to learn music and understand it in a better way. It provides various tutorials where a person can learn the notes and rhythms. Each tutorial present will help in improving the understanding of music. This website also involves various E-books which a person can read and download it for free.

Arts edge (https://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/educators.aspx)

This is an educational media website which provides material for learning music for students and educators. This is a website which includes free audios, videos and modules. It provides professional teaching material for the better development of knowledge of music. This website is also known by the name Kennedy centre’s educational media. The mission of this website is making use of technology in enhancing the education experience in the world of music.

Teoria Music Theory Web (https://www.teoria.com/)

This website was developed in 1997. It includes various topics related to music theory. This site contains articles, tutorials, references and various exercises. It is a website on which no advertisements appears which distracts the person while working on the site. It is a clean site which includes flash sounds and animations which help in visualising the theory of music. The tutorials include questions which are helpful in learning the chords, signatures, intervals, notes and various other functions. This website also allows the person to save the important material on the computer.

Read music with Flash Cards (http://www.musicards.net/)

Flash cards are considered as one of the best ways in learning. Read music with flash cards involves various quizzes which are related to music theory. It includes various notes, chords and symbols and pops up a screen in which the note for which flash card is needed needs to be selected. Once the flash card for the particular note is selected, then it will start displaying questions related to it. By pressing the correct key for the symbol or chord, next question will automatically appear. Through this one can improve the knowledge of note, chord, and interval recognition.

Music Arrangers (http://www.musicarrangers.com/)

This is a website which arranges free lessons for students to learn music. It is a website in which includes various music games and music projects. It helps the students in making their own sounds online with recording, sound effects, and visual effects. It also helps people in writing their own songs by providing music products online. This website was made by Joe Paparone, The Australian composer.

E-music Theory (https://www.emusictheory.com/)

This is a paid website which helps in learning music lessons. By signing up to this website on can learn to read music as this website combine various links together through which music theory can be learned. This website also provides some free resources online. This website will help in learning the lines and chords which are played on different instruments.

Music Theory. net (https://www.musictheory.net/)

This website consists of mainly three tabs. These include tabs of lessons, exercises and tools. The lesson tab includes lessons relating to basics of music theory and music language with some demonstrations which will help in understanding the right place of the music symbols and chords. The exercise tab includes questions related to what all have been learnt in lessons tab. It includes various exercises which will help in retaining the knowledge gained. Last the tool tab which displays various instruments in order to help in practising the chord, notes and intervals.

Ricci Adam’s musictheory.net (https://www.8notes.com/school/theory/musictheory/files/)

This website basically focuses on the fundamentals of music. This website is very easy to use a can be downloaded fully which can be accessible even if the person does not have the internet connection.  This website is well designed which includes the basics of scale construction.

Music Tech Teacher (http://www.musictechteacher.com/)

This site is created by Ms Karen Garett. It is an award-winning website which includes various music resources which help the students in learning to read, compose and write the music. With the use of music technology various exercises, games, quizzes are available on the website.

The Music Notation Project (http://musicnotation.org/)

This website is for people who have already learn the basics of music and want to learn the advanced form. The websites help in exploring the various music notations which will help in making music more interesting and enjoyable. The motive of this project is to help people to go deep into the world of music and discover new notations.

TI: ME (Technology Institute for music Educators) (https://ti-me.org/)

This site includes many programs which help in learning sequencing and notations. This is a paid website, and in order to access the website, one needs to become a member. The website includes various sample material and articles.

At the end, it can be concluded that the internet has become the source of education which provides numerous resources which are helpful in learning.One can easily learn to read music if he wishes. There are lots and lots of sites which help the person in learning and exploring the music world.

10 Smart Tips to learn Arabic fast

Arabic is the language which is used by almost 26 Middle Eastern and North African Countries. It is the Holy Quran Language which is very difficult to learn. Many people want to learn this language due to a variety of reasons which includes work, travelling, marriage, Friendship, Family, religion, hobby. This is a language which is very difficult to translate as it involves its own fluency, symbols, and secrets. This language requires really lot of efforts and time.

Below are the 10 tips which will help in learning Arabic language and are very effective.

  • Many Arabic Languages

There are many types of Arabic languages that one can learn, Modern Standard Arabic, Classical Arabic, Colloquial Arabic.  A person should be very clear that which types of Arabic language he wants to learn. Also written and reading form of Arabic is very different from spoken dialects and it varies from country to country.

  • Learn Arabic Alphabets

The person should learn the Arabic Alphabets which will help in learning Arabic faster. Many times it happens that person things this step is not necessary and they directly try to learn the words. If the Arabic alphabets are learned properly, this will be very much helpful. A person can buy books or can go to libraries to learn Arabic script. Also, it is very necessary that person should learn to use Arabic dictionary which will help in many ways.

  • Jot down Arabic words and Say them

When a person is trying to learn any language, then he should jot down the words and should speak them so as to learn the words. In order to memorise the words a person should try to use them or speak them daily as many times as it is possible. He should maintain the notebook in which the words are written. This will also be helpful in increasing the vocabulary part.

  • Download the Arabic app on Phone

Technology has helped us to learn new things easily. It has developed that it can be used in many ways. Technology has connected the world, and it has become easy for a person to get knowledge of things which he wishes to acquire. Smartphones have also made the life of the person very easy. A person can download the Arabic application. He can also browse to understand which application is good and will be helpful in learning the language.

  • Subscribe for online courses

 In today’s world with the help of internet connection a person can easily subscribe to any courses which he wants to learn. Internet connection and technology has allowed people to learn and enhance their skills anytime when they wish. There are various online courses available which will help in learning the Arabic language. These courses can be free or chargeable.  It depends on the person to which course he wants to subscribe. The courses which are chargeable are better and reputable. If the person is not having any problem in spending money, then he should go for chargeable courses as this will help in learning and enhancing the skills faster.

  • Reading and listening

Reading of Arabic books or newspapers will be of great use as these are the forms which assured correctness in language. Reading books and newspapers is one of the good medium to learn any language. This will require a lot of efforts and time of a person but once practised will become very simple for the person. Efforts to read the whole newspaper or book are required as this technique will also be helpful in enhancing the writing part. One can also listen to some good Arabic music. Listening music provides peace to the soul of a person who likes. One can write down the lyrics of the song and then try to know the meaning. Many people who are trying to learn new language adopt this technique.

  • Watching TV series and News

Subscribing to Arabic channels can be very effective in learning the language. One can watch Arabic TV series and which are having subtitles in spare time. This will help in identifying a person that whether he is able to understand the language or not. One can also watch Arabic news which will help in improving spoken part of the language.

  • Optimistic Approach 

A person should never give up and should always try to move one step ahead. There will be times that one can be demotivated or can be frustrated but one should never lose hope. It may happen that one can feel he is making no progress and will stop giving his efforts. This should not happen, and one should have faith and trust.

  • Joining the Classes

Joining Arabic learning classes can be very helpful. A person can learn things faster when someone is helping them. This technique and method can be highly effective. The teaching pattern of various classes involves lots of tests and home assignments. There are many people in the class, and when one has to compete, he will put all his efforts to perform better. One can say that this is a very credible method in which person also gets the opportunity to interact with different people in the language which they are learning.

  • Social media can be helpful

Social media is also a good medium to learn any new language. Many people spend lots of hours in browsing different sites on the internet. By changing the language settings one the social media site, one can try to get acquainted with the language. This will help in understanding and learn various new words which are commonly used.

Thus it can be said that learning Arabic can be done if a person is optimistic and puts all his efforts. It is very necessary for a person to keep open his eyes and ears in order to learn the Arabic language. This is a language whose script is very different and has many forms. Once a person masters the art of learning the language it can open several doors in life and will be of great help.

Different learning styles of English language

Learning is a very complex process, and everyone has their own way as all human beings in the world are different from one other. Learning style can be defined as a style in which the student is easily able to learn and grasp. The power of understanding and learning varies from person to person. Learning style is a way which helps the individual to assimilate, process and retain the information. Educators must understand the differences in the students and must adopt learning style accordingly. Every student has a different personality and preferences which are based on their background. The notion for adopting a learning style is very much depended upon the perception of the individual. It is also affected by the emotional, social, physiological and environmental factors of the individual.

There are different kinds of learning style which can be adopted. They are visual, aural, verbal, physical, logical, social and solitary. Educators must analyze their students properly and should implement strategies which are best suited.

Visual Style

It includes pictures, images, diagrams, graphs, and charts. There are students who learn by visualizing images. They like to read instead of listening. These students will prefer that their teacher uses tools videos, presentations, posters, clips. They learn easily by demonstrations of lessons instead of lectures. By reading, they retain the information and have the ability to draw images in their minds. Visual learners are the front benchers and note takers. They do not want any distractions. These learners require attractive things through which they make images in mind, memorize the information and easily recall whenever need. These learners love to draw and scribble in their notebooks with different colors.  For visual learners, educators can also use various games like board games, picture games, and reading games.

Aural Style

Students who prefer listening to lectures are called as the auditory learners. These are the learners who can retain information through discussions. They connect themselves with different sounds that they hear and get attracted. They like to listen to the music, rhymes, and sounds for their learning. Aural learners summarize their notes and tape them down. Educators must read their text aloud as auditory learners learn by interpreting the tone, pitch, and speed. They have the ability to memorize the oral instructions and solve problems by just discussing. These learners like games that involve recitations, dictations.

Verbal Style

Verbal style of learning is closely related to auditory style. This style is adopted by learners who prefer using words to retain information. They learn best when they hear but are attracted to different types of words used. It can be said that these learners have a good vocabulary and a large number of words are fed in their dictionary of mind. They have no difficulty in expressing themselves, their problems and can communicate with large audiences. They take the help of words for memorizing and solving problems. Educators must try techniques that involve speaking and writing. Verbal learners like to study different languages as this will satisfy their linguistic need.

Physical (Kinesthetic) Style

Physical learners are the people who make use of body and senses to learn and retain information. These learners can sit at one place for long hours. They need short breaks in between to concentrate properly on their work. These learners use their gestures and body language to communicate to the physical world around them. They do not prefer just to read and look at diagrams or other images rather they involve themselves in the physical work. Physical learners are more into exercises, sports, dancing and other physical activities that involve the touch sense of the body. They memorize and learn things by touching the objects.

Logical (Mathematical) Style

Students who are good at logical reasoning and solving maths problems can be considered as people who adopt logical style for their learning. These learners do not rely on the gut feelings, and they want to know the reason behind the conclusion reached. Logical learners are considered to be more skilled than any type of learners as they use most of their brain. They like to involve themselves in complex calculations and can give correct answer within seconds. These learners mostly like to play puzzles, chess, and strategy games as they can easily make connections between different things.

Social (Interpersonal) Style

People who prefer to learn in groups can be said as social learners. Communication skill of social learners is very good. They have the ability to express and communicate their own ideas and thoughts. These learners can easily connect with other people and love to solve their issues and problems. These people are sensitive and are easily associated with the emotions and feelings of others. They love to spend their time in involving in various conversations and participate as much as possible in social activities. These learners mostly adopt fields of sales, counselling, human resources, and teaching. They like to play group games like cricket, basketball, cards, and hockey.

Solitary (intrapersonal) Style

People who do not like distractions and are happy when left alone are solitary learners. They are private and independent people who can concentrate more when they are not surrounded by people. These people are a reserve in nature and love diary writing. They secretly analysis themselves, their abilities and work accordingly. These learners do not like to involve in discussions with other people. Solitary people are well-managed learners who have their own goals and are aware of their own thinking. They prefer to work on their problems and issues privately rather than discussing with other people.

In the end, it can be concluded that it is very important for the educators to understand and analyze their students. Educators must be very clear about the suitable learning style of the student. This will improve their teaching and enhance the learning of the student. Schools can make their curriculum in such a way that it includes all different styles of learning. This will help them in connecting with all the students and adopting strategies which are best suited.

Types of statistical techniques for data analysis

Data Analysis can be defined as the process of reviewing and evaluating the data that is gathered from different sources.  Data cleaning is very important as this will help in eliminating the redundant information and reaching to the accurate conclusions. Data analysis is the systematic process of cleaning, inspecting and transforming data with the help of various tools and techniques. The objective of data analysis is to identify the useful information which will support the decision-making process. There are various methods for data analysis which includes data mining, data visualisation and Business Intelligence. Analysis of data will help in summarising the results through examination and interpretation of the useful information. Data analysis helps in determining the quality of data and developing the answers to the questions which are of use to the researcher.

In order to discover the solution of the problem and to reach to the specific and quality results, various statistical techniques can be applied. These techniques will help the researcher to get accurate results by drawing relationships between different variables. The statistical techniques can mainly be divided into two a) Parametric test and b) non-parametric test.

Parametric test

Parametric statistics considers that the sample data relies on certain fixed parameters. It takes into consideration the properties of the population. It assumes that the sample data is collected from the population and population is normally distributed. There are equal chances of occurrence of all the data present in the population. The parametric test is based on various assumptions which are needed to be holding good. Various parametric tests are Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Z test, T test, Chi Square test, Pearson’s coefficient of correlation, Regression analysis.

T- Test

T- test can be defined as the test which helps in identifying the significant level of difference in a sample mean or between the means of two samples. It is also called as a T- Distribution. The t-test is conducted when the sample size of the population is small, and variance of the population is not known. The t-test is used when the population (n) is not larger than 30. There are two types of T-Test:

  1. Dependent mean T Test- It is used when same variables or groups are experimented.
  2. Independent mean T Test-It is used when two different groups experimented. The two different groups have faced different conditions.

The formula for T-Test is:-

Z Test

This test is used when the population is normally distributed. The sample size of the population is large or small, but the variance of the population is known. It is used for comparing the means of the population or for identifying the significance level of difference between the means of two independent samples. Z test is based on the single critical value which makes the test more convenient.

The formula for z test is:-

X- Main value

µ – Sample Mean

σ – Standard Deviation

Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)

When there are two or more categorical data, then Analysis of Variance is used. Analysis of variance can be mainly of two types a) one-way ANOVA, b) Two-way ANOVA. One way ANOVA is used when the mean of three or more than three groups are compared. The variables in each group are same. Two-way ANOVA is used to discover if there is any relationship between two independent variables and dependent variables. Analysis of Variance is based on many assumptions. ANOVA assumes that there is a dependent variable which can be measured at continuous intervals. There are independent variables which are categorical, and there should be at least two categories. It also assumes that the population is normally distributed and there is no unusual element is present.

Chi Square test

This test is also known as Pearson’s chi-square test. This test is used to find a relationship between two or more independent categorical variables. The two variables should be measured at the categorical level and should consist of two or more independent groups.

Coefficient of Correlation

Pearson’s coefficient of correlation is used to draw an association between two variables. It is denoted by ‘r’. The value of r ranges between +1 to -1. The coefficient of correlation is used to identify whether there is a positive association, negative association or no association between two variables. When the value is 0, it indicates that there is no association between two variables. When it is less than 0, it indicates a negative association, and when the value is more than 0, then it indicates a positive association.

Regression Analysis

This is used to measure the value of one variable which is based on the value of another variable. The variable whose value is predicted is the dependent variable, and the variable which is used to predict the value of another variable is called independent variable. The assumptions of regression analysis are that the variables should be measured at the continuous level and there should be a linear relationship between two variables.

Non-parametric Tests

Non-Parametric Statistics does not take into account any assumption relating to the parameters of the population. It explains that data is ordinal and is not necessary to be normally distributed. The non-parametric test is also known as a distribution-free test. These tests are comparatively simpler than the parametric test. Various non-parametric tests include Fisher- Irwin Test, Wilcoxon Matched –Pairs Test (Signed rank test), Wilcoxon rank-sum test, Kruskal- Wallis Test, Spearman’s Rank Correlation test.

Conclusion

Thus it can be said that there are many statistical tools that help in data analysis. These tools help the researcher in getting accurate results from the data collected. They help in discovering the answers to the question. As these statistical tools are complex and not easy to use it is very necessary that the researcher is having full knowledge of these tools so that they can implement them properly to get the correct results.

10 Mobile Apps that will help you in Learning Arabic as a Foreign Language

Learning a foreign language is always a tough nut to crack. As it is not a one-day assignment, the learner needs a constant support for communicating in that language. It becomes too hard for the self-learners to access such assistance. However, the internet is littered with mobile apps which provide assistance in learning foreign languages. Yes, believe it or not, there are a number of mobile applications that can serve you beyond providing opportunities for gaming, watching movies, sharing photos or being overtly social. So, instead of downloading the app that demands you to hunt Pokémon and become a Pokémon Master you can download the one which helps you in becoming a master in speaking Arabic.

According to the research of “BusinessofApps.com”, approximately 75 billion language learning apps were downloaded in 2015. Hence, it can be said that the Arabic learners also have scope to learn it via mobile applications. The followings can be helpful for them:

check-mark-imageArabic Alphabet- TenguLogi

Platform- Android
Level: This application is a beginner support. If you are going to learn Arabic for the first time, you can surely count on this mobile based application.
About “Arabic Alphabet- TenguLogi”: This application is there to help you in learning the Arabic alphabets. It uses an “easy to navigate” lesson for making the learners apt in using the alphabets. While learning a new language, you need to follow the order of “first thing first”. It helps you to develop your skill in a systematic order and learning the language easily. Arabic Alphabet- TenguLogi makes you competent to use other applications for advanced Arabic learning. Here, each lesson has flashcards which contain letters, pronunciation, meaning and ways of placing it in different sentences. Arabic Alphabet- TenguLogi also helps in learning the Arabic vowels, grammar and number from zero to ninety-nine.

check-mark-imageAlphaBet Arabe:

Platform: iPhone
Level: The beginners
About “AlphaBet Arabe: AlphaBet Arabe is especially helpful for the native French speakers. With a simple and beautiful interface, this application teaches all the letters and the numbers along with their pronunciation. You can also count on AlphaBet Arabe for learning the vowels as well.

check-mark-imageLearn Arabic- Language guide:

Platform: Android
Level: It is an effective language guide for the beginners.
About “Learn Arabic- Language guide”- It is an easy and basic application for the beginners to make a start in the Arabic learning and communication process. This application is helpful in guiding you to the fundamentals of modern Arabic usage and in learning the numbers, grammar, alphabet, vocabulary and building your basic conversation skills in this language. “Learn Arabic- Language guide” is unique with its “easy to use” platform, beautiful design and active support team.

check-mark-imageBabble:

Platform: iOS and android
Level: Intermediate and advanced
About Babble: It helps in improving the pronunciation and increasing the Arabian vocabulary of the learner. It is free to download but needs paid subscription for learning courses.

check-mark-imageLearn Arabic- Bravolol:

Platform: Android and iOS
Level: Beginners
About “Learn Arabic- Bravolol”: With the facility of free download and in-app purchases this application provides the facility of creating visual flashcards and you can review them as well.

check-mark-imageDuolingo:

Platform: It is available in the iOS and Android and Windows platform
Level: Beginners and intermediate
About Duolingo: It is an entirely free application. By using texts, audios and pictures Duolingo helps in learning Arabic in a fun way. This application associates sound of the translation to the visuals of texts and pictures. With Duolingo the learners can compete with friends as well.

check-mark-imageLinqapp- Languages assistance:

Platform: Android
Level: Beginners, intermediate and advanced
About “Linqapp- Languages assistance”: it is a free application which solves the language problem of the user by native speakers. It provides real human assistance for translation and language related problems. The user can record audio, ask any question, and get direct help from the native speakers.

check-mark-imageiLingQ language learning:

Platform: Android
Level: Intermediate and advanced
About “iLingQ language learning”: This application is helpful in studying different language lessons (including Arabic) in offline mode. This app includes a reader that reads the lessons out for the learner. The learner can highlight the terms and phrases in the lesson.

check-mark-imageLearn Arabic Phrasebook:

Platform: Android
Level: Beginners and intermediate
About “iLingQ language learning”: This application is helpful in translating essential phrases in Arabic, categorised by subject. It teaches words and sentences and the integrated audios are of high quality, recorded by fluent Arabic speakers.

check-mark-imageArabic Dictionary:

Platform: iOS
Level: Beginners, intermediate and advanced
About “iLingQ language learning”: It mainly offers simple translations with examples. However, you can get the facilities like bookmark, random words, sentence translators and fun quizzes.

These mobile-based applications are helpful for a new Arabic learner, as they are always available to provide expert guidance and assistance.

Other Learning Resource:

Find Private Arabic Tutors online

Useful Romanian phrases and words for your holiday

Planning for a holiday in Rome? Then apart from your visa, passport and cash learning the language is also becomes very vital. Romanian is the mother tongue of Rome, and the citizens mainly converse in their native language only. English is used very rarely, and so the tourists either have to keep a translator or will have to learn Romanian themselves. Finding a good translator in a foreign land becomes difficult. So, the last option left for any of the tourists is to learn Romanian. This will not only help you to converse with the people of Rome but will also add to your knowledge. This would make the tourists be able to create move freely in the country and also converse with the people as well. Here are the following words and phrases in the Romanian language that are easy to learn and will prove to be a boon for the traveller:

Starting with the basics

Instead of learning the phrases directly you must know the words thoroughly. Starting with the beginner level would let you understand the terminology as well as the pronunciation of different words as well.

  • Da in the Romanian language means yes. So if you require showing your consent for any for anything, then you will say Da(/da/).
  • Nu is the Romanian word for No. If you do not agree with anything, then say Nu (/nu/).
  • Eu (/jew/) is the word used in place for I. It is used in the sentences where you are required to either give your introduction or describe yourself.
  • Salut (/sa’lut/) and Bună (/’bu.nə/) is the Romanian word for Hi. It is used greet someone.
  • Unu is the word used for denoting anything with a single quantity. It is generally used when we are referring to one piece of anything. In the same way, Doi (/doj/) and Trei (/trej/) are used for two and three respectively.

Common phrases for regular use

  • Bună dimineața is the Romanian phrase used to say Good Morning to anybody. It is also a part of greetings.
  • Bună ziua is the Romanian translation of Good Day/ Afternoon.
  • Bună seara is the phrase used for saying Good Evening to each other in the Romanian
  • La revedere is the Romanian phrase that is used to say Goodbye while parting from each other.
  • Mulțumesc is the Romanian phrase that means Thank you. However, the French word Merci can also be used instead of Mulțumesc. It is also acceptable in the Romanian domain.
  • Noapte bună is the phrase to bid a good night to each other.
  • Cu plăcere is the way to say you’re welcome. It is a very sweet phrase and shows a lot of politeness of one person to another.
  • Vă rog is the phrase that denotes Please in Romanian. It shoes gratitude of one person to another.

Moving a step forward

Apart from the basic phrases and words, there are many more sentences that need to be learnt by you for easily moving and conversing in the country. For example, for introducing yourself to someone or asking the way to washroom can be a bit difficult. Thus, you would have to move a step forward in order to fulfil your basic needs in the foreign country.

  • Eu sunt Kristin is the Romanian way of saying I am Kristin. It is the way of introducing yourself to somebody.
  • Eu sunt din UK is the sentence that says I am from the United Kingdom. This allows you to tell someone about the place you belong to.
  • Unde este toaleta? is a question meaning Where is the toilet/washroom? It helps you to politely ask for the way to washroom from anyone.
  • Unde este un bancomat prin apropiere? would allow you to ask anybody about the ATM available in the nearby vicinity. It is often possible to run out of cash and to find an ATM becomes a necessity. Thus, you can use this sentence to locate one.
  • Încântat de cunoştinţă is the sentence meaning nice to meet you. This will help you to make someone feel special that you are delighted to meet him/her.
    Îmi pare bine is also an informal way to say nice to meet you.

Directions are also important

Apart from the various sentences and phrases you also might need to ask for directions as well. How would you decide which way you have to as it might be difficult for you to read the sign boards in a foreign language? Asking someone would be the best option. Here are the names of direction in the Romanian language to your rescue.

  • Dreapta is the Romanian word used for right.
  • Stânga is used for denoting left direction
  • Înapoi means that the person is asking you to turn back.

Also, you may need to ask various other questions while you might be lost in some lane or by countryside. For example, Poti sa ma ajuti? Puteti sa ma ajutati? is used to ask anyone that can you help me? Further, if you want to ask someone that whether you know English or not can be said as Vorbesti englez? Or Vorbesti romana? If a person is cooperative with you and has helped you to with all your queries, then you must say appreciate the kindness of that person. Eşti foarte drãguţ(ã)! is the sentence that must be suitable in such a situation which means you are very kind.

Thus, by learning these very basic phrases and sentences would enable you to travel more easily in the foreign country. It is necessary for you to learn the language because while you are in the city area, people do understand a little bit of English, but in the countryside, it will be quite difficult for you to communicate and understand what they need to say. Thus, to double the fun of your holidays in Rome you must try to learn the basic spoken Romanian to guide you throughout the journey.

Other Resources: –

Find Romanian Langauge Tutors online

Join Us as Tutor – Students and Parents

21 commonly used German Words and Phrases You Should Know by Now

German is a language which most of the people try to learn. After English, the German language is mostly used by the people. It is among ten languages which people prefer to learn and speak. German language is very similar to English language and can be learned easily. If one knows this language, a lot of opportunities gets open in the market. German is a place which is full of innovators and academicians. People can go and learn many things of their interest. German is also a place for global marketers and leaders. It is a place in the world where one should go and explore. Germans are present everywhere as they are voracious travellers. If one wants to enter into tourist industry then knowing the German language can be of great use.

This article will show 21 German words and Phrases that one should know.

optionicon Schonen Feierabend :-

In English, this phase means Have a nice evening. When a person has come into some discussion and is now leaving then this phrase can be used. Also as Germans like to party a lot, they say this phrases when they are leaving from their work and are going.

optionicon Keine Sorge/ Kein Proble/ Nicht zu Danken

These phrases are used when a person wants to say you are welcome or no problem. It is very common that after helping someone applaud is received in return. People used to respond to applaud by using a phrase like you are welcome or no problem.

optionicon Es tut mir leid

This means I am sorry. If someone makes any mistake and is feeling guilty can the person can say Es tut mir leid in order to apologise for the mistake done.

optionicon Sie / er

This means she/ he. This can be used to refer people. He/ She are the common words and are frequently used. These are the words one must know in order to communicate.

optionicon Schon, dich kennen zu Lernen

The meaning of this phrase in English is pleased to meet you. This can be used to praise someone when the person has met them the first time. This is also used when it feels good after taking with someone, or someone guided.

optionicon Haben Sie vegetarisches Essen?

If a person wants to have vegetarian food in a restaurant or at any place he can use this phrase. This phrase means Do you have a vegetarian food.

optionicon Wo ist die Toilette?

If a person wants to go to the washroom and does not have the idea where it is then he can ask by saying Wo ist die toilette. This means where the bathroom is.

optionicon Zum Bahnhof Bitte.

This means to the airport, please. This will help in assisting the driver to know where you want to go.

optionicon Ich verstehe nicht

I do not understand the mean of this phrase. When the person is not able to understand what the other person is saying the German language than on can use this phrase. This Phrase is useful for many people who do not know German language and who are new in the country.

optionicon Hilfe

This word means help. It can be used when a person is in trouble and wants the help of someone to get out of it. Many times it may happen that when a person visits the new place, he is not aware of the things. It may happen that he might face difficulty in many places. So it is very necessary that a person is aware of how help is pronounced in the German language.

optionicon Gute Besserung

This means to get well soon. When the person is not well, many times, people use this phrase to say them that they should take medicine on time and take proper rest.

optionicon J- das habe ich auf dem Schrim

Yes- I am working on it. This is the way to assure someone that the work assigned will be completed on time.

optionicon Konnen Si emir Bitte eine Mail schreben

This phrase means “Can you send me an email”. For getting important information from someone, a person can request to send the email.

optionicon Ein Glas wasser, Bitte

For having a glass of water when a person is feeling thirsty, this phrase can be used. This phrase means “A glass of water, please”.

optionicon Einen Tisch fur [ zwei/ drei/vier], bitte

When a person goes into a restaurant and wants to ask for a place to sit or to reserve a table this phrase can be of very much use. It means that A table for [two/ three/ four], please

optionicon Woher kommst du?

When a person is having a conversation and wants to know from where he is, this phrase can be used. The meaning of the phrase is “Where are you from”. This is an informal way of asking. When the person is having a formal conversation and wants to ask, then he may say Woher kommen Sie.

optionicon Ich komme aus..

To respond to the question that from where the person belongs to this phrase is used. It means “I am fro..”.

optionicon Sprichst du englisch?

This phrase means Do you speak English. This can helpful to know that which language the person knows.

optionicon Wie viel kostet das?

This used to ask the price of a product or a vegetable from the person. The meaning is “how much is that?”

optionicon Um wieviel Uhr [offnet/ schliebt] das Geschaft?

This means what time does the shop [open/ close].

optionicon Kann ich bitte die [ Speisekarte/ Weinkarte] sehen?

In order to ask for a menu card or a wine list, this phrase is used. It means Can I see the [menu/ wine list], please.

The above-mentioned words and phrase are very commonly used when a person visits Germany or is assisting a German person. If a person knows the above-mentioned phrases and words, it becomes very easy to communicate, and one can express what is needed.
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