TAPEWORMS IN HUMANS: SYMPTOMS, TREATMENT, & PREVENTION

Tapeworms are referred to the intestinal parasites which are shaped in the form of a tape which normally enters the body of the humans through food and water. Most of the individuals who are infected by tapeworm remain unaware as they experience symptoms which are normal in nature with other diseases. The tapeworm infection can be diagnosed with the help of blood tests where it is performed with the aim to find out the antibodies which caused the infection. The analysis of the stool is also a potential diagnostic way to identify tapeworm infection in humans.

The complications that may arise due to tapeworm infection in humans include cysticercoids. This happens when a human intakes a pork that is infected by tapeworm larvae or eggs. The larvae remain in the intestine of the human and infect its organs and tissues in the body which results to create lesions or cysts.  The tapeworm from the pork can also infect the nervous system of the humans and even affects the brain. This causes the individual to face a headache, seizures, vision problems, meningitis, and others. In the worst cases, the situation may be fatal for the individuals. The Echinococcus tapeworm enters the body where it larvae leave the intestine and guts and infects the lever in humans. This infection causes the development of large cysts that may provide pressure on the blood vessels creating issues in proper blood circulation.

The humans get infected by tapeworms by ingestion of eggs which enters the body through contaminated water, intake of contaminated food or during interaction with animals. The eggs of the tapeworm hatches and the larvae make way inside the gut of the humans where they spread an infection to different parts of the body. The intake of raw or uncooked fish or meat is also seen to be responsible for tapeworm infection in humans as the larvae cysts reach the intestine of the humans where they mature into adult tapeworms and infects the body. The adult tapeworm is able to live as long as 20 years and can length up to 50 feet. They attach themselves to the intestine walls and pass outside through the stool. The fleas or few kinds of beetles are seen to act as intermediate hosts for the tapeworm to help them transit from egg to adult stage. The fleas infect the food and the tapeworm is transmitted to the food which when taken in by the individual results them to get infected.

Symptoms:

The symptom that may appear for tapeworm infection is dependent on the type of tapeworm that has affected the individual. The common symptoms include abdominal pain, vomiting, general weakness, weight loss, diarrhoea, altered appetite, dizziness, the presence of larvae, eggs or segments of the tapeworm in stools and others.

Treatment:

The treatment of tapeworm larvae infection is much complicated in comparison to the treatment of adult tapeworm infection. This is because the adult tapeworm usually remains in the intestine whereas the larvae are seen to infect other parts of the body. The doctors usually prescribe oral medication for tapeworm infection in humans. This is because the drugs do not let the digestive system of the humans to absorb it and either they attack or dissolve the tapeworm to kill it. The doctor is probably to advise the individuals to take a laxative in order to help the tapeworm come out of the body through the stool. The individual can be given anti-emetic medication so that they do not vomit. This is because vomiting may make the person get reinfected by swallowing of the larvae of the tapeworm. The patient’s stool is going to be checked by the doctor several times within 1-3 months after the medication course.

In case the medications are taken according to the process it is 95% effective in resolving the infection. The infection by the tapeworm in the case is made outside of the intestine then the individual requirements to take anti-inflammatory medications to lower swelling that later develops into cysts. In case the patient is infected by life-threatening cysts in the vital organs then they require undergoing cyst surgery. This is because removal of cysts causes a destruction of the larvae of the tapeworm which helps the individuals to become normal.

Prevention:

In order to prevent tapeworm infection following activities are to be followed:

  • The animal and human wastes are to be properly treated and disposed of so that health hazards like tapeworms are removed. The humans require making sure that no wastes or excreta reaches the freshwater lakes where farming of fish is done. The humans require making sure that the animals are properly taken care so that they do not come into contact with eggs of the tapeworm.
  • The meat to be consumed by the individuals requires to be effectively inspected to make sure if it is fit for intake so that no tapeworm infection may be caused by consuming it. The infection from the meat can also be prevented by the humans by properly cooking it so that it is overall cooked and none of the parts is left raw. It can be ensured by cooking the food at the minimum of 66ºC thoroughly to kill any larvae or eggs of the tapeworm. The humans require avoiding eating raw meat or fish in order to prevent themselves from tapeworm infection. The freezing of meat or fish below -10ºC for the minimum of 48 hours also helps to kill eggs and larvae of the tapeworm making it safe for consumption. The experts inform that eating sushi is safe if it has been frozen before intake.
  • The humans require taking care of personal hygiene to prevent tapeworm infection. The individuals require following certain vital steps to make sure the food they eat is free from tapeworm or any other infectious parasites. They need to thoroughly wash their hands before and after preparation of the food. They also need to wash their hands after using the toilet and even before eating.
  • The humans require making sure that they avoid contact with animals who are found to be infected by tapeworm and keep the children away from such animals. Further, they need to make sure they wash their hands properly with soap and water after coming in contact with infected animals so as to prevent the spreading of the infection. The animals are to be given medication and de-wormed regularly so as to prevent tapeworm infection.
  • There are certain parts in specific countries where sanitation practices are poorly maintained resulting in higher risk among individuals to be infected by the tapeworm. Thus, such areas and parts are to be avoided by individuals in order to protect themselves from getting infected by the tapeworm.

DIABETES AND ITS SYMPTOMS

Diabetes is mainly referred as diabetes mellitus which is the condition in where glucose level of the body is increased either due to excessive production of glucose or inadequacy of the body cells to use insulin. There are two types of diabetes mellitus that is type-1 and type-2.  The exact cause of type-1 or type-2 diabetes is not properly known. It is assumed to be possibly caused by genetic factors or exposure to environmental factors.

In type-1 diabetes, the immune system of the body which normally fights the viruses and bacteria are seemed to have mistakenly destroyed the insulin-producing beta cell in the pancreas. In type-2 diabetes, the glucose does not enter the cells of the body to produce energy and instead they build up in the blood resulting in an elevated sugar level in the blood. The beat cells present in the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas goes on producing more insulin however, they eventually become impaired and are unable to produce an effective amount of insulin required to meet the demands of the body.

The risk factor related to type-1 diabetes is family history in which the individual likely suffers from diabetes if their previous generation has been affected by it. This is because certain genes which are responsible for increasing the risk of type-1 diabetes may be transferred from the previous to the present generation posing risk for them to develop the metabolic disorder.

The person who has increased amount of weight can be perceived to be under risk of developing type-2 diabetes. This is because an increased amount of weight means increased fatty tissues are present in the body which may make the cells in the body to face hindrance in using insulin properly due to increased deposition of fat. The lack of physical activity also results in risk for individuals to develop type-2 diabetes because inactivity results in the body to be incapable of using glucose in the form of energy. Thus, an increased amount of glucose is deposited in the bloodstream resulting in a diabetic condition of the individual. The family history like the type-1 diabetes is also seen to be a potential reason for causing type-2 diabetes. The women who have the polycystic ovarian condition are also reported to be prone to be affected by diabetes.

The diabetes results individuals to face heart damage resulting them face coronary heart diseases, stroke, narrowing of arteries and others. The presence of excess amount of sugar in the blood is also seen to cause injury to the blood vessels of the body causing the unnourished nerve cells. This creates neuropathy as proper blood flow required for enriched nerve vessels are not present. Diabetes also causes the development of kidney damage known as neuropathy. This is because the increased amount of glucose in the body causes damage to the delicate filtering systems present in the kidney that is lined by millions of tiny capillaries.

The common symptoms which are involved with type-1 and type-2 diabetes are the following:

  • Fatigue and hunger: The body is able to convert foods that individuals eat into the effective amount of glucose which the cells in the body use as the mode of energy to work. However, the cells also require insulin for bringing in glucose. Thus, if the body is incapable to make an effective amount of glucose such as faced by individuals suffering from any type of diabetes the cells in their body cannot get enough amount of glucose. This result the cells to face lack of energy which makes the individual hungry and tried.
  • Peeing often: An average person usually pees 4-7 times in a day however people with diabetes have to pee more times. This is because the body is able to absorb glucose when it goes through the kidney but diabetic people have more blood sugar level due to which the kidneys are not able to reabsorb the glucose. This is seen to cause increased production of urine by the body making the person pee frequently as the fluids are no more reabsorbed in the body.
  • Dry skin: Since the body loses an excess amount of water due to frequently peeing it makes the body dehydrated and less moisture is found in the body. This makes the person have itchy and dry skin and even makes the person become thirsty more often.
  • Blurred vision: The changing fluids in the body of the diabetic patients may create swelling of the lens in the eye. This results from them to change share and makes the person lose the ability to properly focus resulting them to develop blurred vision.
  • Hearing issues: The individuals suffering from diabetes can also face problems related to hearing as proper nerve signalling of the body is not maintained.

The other symptoms which are related to type-2 diabetes are as follows:

  • Yeast infection: The yeast is seen to feed on glucose and thus having an excessive amount of glucose helps them to thrive effectively. This form of infections is seen to grow in the warmer and most areas of the skin such as between toes and fingers, under sex organs, breast and others.
  • Slow healing: The high level of glucose in the blood among the diabetes patients often negatively affects the nerves and this leads towards poor circulation of blood over the body making it hard to reach places where blood is required repairing the damaged tissues. Thus, this results in the development of long-lasting sores and wounds among the diabetic individuals. The slow healing sometimes results to create a serious condition in which legs are an amputee.
  • Numbness: Diabetes results in diabetic neuropathy that damages the nerve cells which sends signals to the body from the brain. As a result, the diabetic person feels numbness in feet and hands as proper signals are not transferred by the damaged nerve cells.

The other symptoms related with type-1 diabetes are as follows:

  • Weight loss: The people suffering from diabetes have insufficient insulin in their body which prevents the body from getting an effective amount of glucose to be used as energy. As a result, the body initiates to burn muscle and stored fat to avail energy creating a reduction in the overall body weight.
  • Pancreatitis: The diabetic patients are prone to develop pancreatitis which is inflammation and swelling of the pancreas resulting in individuals to feel nausea and vomiting.

Thus, the person requires to keep knowledge regarding the symptoms mentioned related to diabetes so that they can take early steps to visit a doctor for a check up so as to control the disorder effectively.  The diabetes is not curable but can be controlled effectively with an early medical intervention which is going to help individuals live their life normally.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN RED AND WHITE BLOOD CELLS

In a human body, there are three major functions of the blood that includes regulation, transportation, and protection. The blood is made up of three types of cells that involve red blood cells, white blood cells, and blood platelets. In here the difference between the red blood cells and the white blood cells are to be identified.

Structure of Red blood cells (RBCs):

The red blood cells (RBCs) are uniquely structured. They are oval and biconvex in shape which is flexible in nature. The oval biconvex disc shape helps the RBCs to have increased surface area in comparison to the volume ratio of the extremely smaller cells enabling carbon dioxide and oxygen to be diffused across the plasma membrane of the red blood cell easily.

The RBCS lacks the nucleus and has no mitochondria or endoplasmic reticulum. This helps them to carry an increased amount of oxygenated blood and haemoglobin as well as helps it to form a disc-shaped structure that helps it ineffective diffusion with ease.

There are enzymes present in the RBCs which allow them to produce a small amount of ATP from the glucose in the form of energy.

The most important structural part of the RBCs is haemoglobin. The Haemoglobin is a molecule which is responsible for carrying oxygen by the RBCs. It helps the RBCs to develop a red colour.

The haemoglobin consists of heme and globin. The formation of heme occurs when the succinyl-CoA effectively binds with glycine in order to form pryrole molecule. The four of the produced pyrrole molecules are combined together to form protoporphyrin IX that helps to bind the iron with the heme molecules. The globin is seen to be a polypeptide chain. During the combination of the heme and globin molecule, a haemoglobin chain is formed. There are slight variations in the chains formed and they are as per designated as alpha, beta, gamma and delta chains.

In order to form the final haemoglobin, four of the chains are required to be combined. The most common form of haemoglobin in a human body is haemoglobin A which is formed by a combination of two alpha and beta chains. Each of the molecules of iron is seen to bind with one of the molecule of oxygen which consists of two atoms of oxygen. In a single haemoglobin chain, there is one iron atom and four haemoglobin chains.

Thus, each of the haemoglobin chains is able to carry a total of eight oxygen atoms. In each 100mm of blood, it consists of 15g of haemoglobin apart from other blood components.

Structure of White Blood cells:

The white blood cells are components of the blood which protects the body from any infectious agents. The WBCs are also known as leucocytes and these are originated from the bone marrow and are circulated through the lymph and blood system. They can be granulocyte or agranulocyte and they migrate from the blood vessels to the tissues of the body. There are three types of granulocytes that include:

Neutrophils: The neutrophils contain a single nucleus which consists of multiple lobes. They are the most abundant number of granulocytes present in the blood. They are found to be chemically attracted to the bacteria and they migrate through tissues to reach the infection site. They are phagocytic in nature and engulf the bacteria or the target cell for destroying it. During their release in the blood, they also act as lysosomes for digesting cellular macromolecules and are destroyed in the process.

Basophils: They are the least in the number found in the blood. The Basophils have a multi-lobed nucleus and contain heparin and histamine in their granules. The heparin is essential to keep the consistency of the blood so that it does not clot. The histamine acts to dilate the blood vessels which results to increase the permeability of the blood capillaries. This helps in increasing the flow of blood that assists in transporting leucocytes in the infected areas. They are also responsible for creating a response to an allergic reaction in the body.

Esonophils: The Eosinophils contain the double-lobed nucleus and due to their structure they appear as u-shaped in the smears of the blood. These are found in the connective tissues of the intestine and the stomach. They are also phagocytic in nature and they primary target is antigen-antibody complexes which are formed when the antibodies bonds with the antigens for identifying the substance to be eliminated and destroyed. They are seen to become more active during the allergic reaction and parasitic infection.

Agranulocytes have no granules and contain a larger nucleus than the granulocytes. There are mainly two types of agranulocytes:

Lymphocytes: The lymphocytes are the next common form of WBC after neutrophil to be present in the blood. They are spherical in shape and contains a very little amount of cytoplasm and a large nucleus. The lymphocytes are of three types that include natural killer cells, T cells and B cells. The natural killer cells perform to offer non-specific immunity whereas the T cells and B cells offer specific immunity to the body.

Monocytes: The monocytes are the largest form of white blood cells present in the body. They consist of a single and large nucleus which is varied in shape but most often they appear in the shape of a kidney. They are migrated to the tissues from the blood where they develop into dendritic cells and macrophages. The macrophages are phagocytic in nature and are large cells which are present within the tissues. The dendritic cells are seen to be found at places where the tissues come into contact with the antigens transported from the external environment such as the skin, lungs, gastrointestinal tract and others. The dendritic cells are seen to primarily send antigenic information to the lymph organs and lymph nodes which helps in immunity development against the antigen. The dendritic cells are named so because they are similar in appearance with the dendrites of the nerve cells.

Comparison chart between Red Blood Cells (RBCs) and White Blood Cells (WBCs)

Red Blood Cells (RBCs)

White Blood Cells (WBCs)

They are named as Erythrocytes. They are named as Leucocytes
They are disc-shaped and biconcave in nature They are irregular in shape
Size ranges from 6-8µm diameter Size ranged from the 7-12µm diameter
The lifespan of RBCs is 120 days The lifespan of WBCs ranges from 4 to 30 days
Mature cells do not have nucleus Mature cells has a large central nucleus
They are red in colour They are colourless
RBCs are mainly produced from the bone marrow WBCs are produced from lymph nodes, red bone marrow, spleen, and others
Low RBC count is known as Anaemia Low WEB count is called Leukopenia
They help to transport oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the blood. They mainly help to develop the body’s immunity system so that the infections are effectively fought.

TOP 10 GREATEST FOOTBALL TEAMS OF ALL TIME

There are various teams in the world who have proved how to play football professionally and with a passion so that the game becomes life. The nature of playing the football by the teams has made many people understand why the game has so much emotion in it. However, there are only a few teams who have the efficiency to dominate the game in a beautiful manner.

I am picking such 10 best football team of all times according to me who are invincible in this game and no one ever could have played such well to me fall in love with the game.

  • Brazil National Football Team

In the heat of each of the football lover, one cannot replace the immense respect and love for this team when they clinched the world cup. Nobody could ever tell that they are later going to create history in the football by winning the most number of trophies in the FIFA World Cup. They won in 1958 followed by 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002. They have recorded victories to their names with 73 wins in 109 matches they played. They are the only team in the history of world cup editions who have no need of playoffs during the game. They gave us the most talented and one of the forward attacking mid-fielders of all time whom we know by the name Pele.

  • Barcelona:

In 2008, my old favorite Pep Guardiola took over managing Barcelona who made the team for the next three years to play football in such a mesmerizing way that every audience in Spain, as well as people all over the world, fell in love with the team. The coach was seen to implement the playing style of famous La Masia in the team which made every player act in an attacking mode with the subjugation of their personal flamboyance for the best performance of the team. The playing style was named as Tiki-Taka in which the players were made to know that the opponents are unable to score if they never get the ball.

Thus, under the supervision of the manager, the team became proud of themselves regarding the way to pass the ball as they adopted lazy yet elegance way along with absurd ease to play the game that the opponents felt like looking silly to chase the ball. This way the team members took advantage of the situation and scored goals after goals to become the most loved football team.

  • Manchester United

The Manchester United in the last quarter of the century can be regarded as the most efficient and valuable team in showing how football is played in a natural way. They have even become the best teams in the football in 1999 and 2008. They have 13 Premier League titles allocated to their names in 20 seasons. The main reason for the success of the team is Sir Alex whose legendary coaching led the team member to score swiftly without much hindrance or fear of losing the game. It was seen that during the time of Sir Alex the midfield was gathered by flying wingers whose best of attack was defense.

  • Arsenal

How can one miss a team so popular during the 2003-04 tenure when they won the Premier League title remaining unbeaten with 26 wins, 12 draws and 0 losses. They became the second most team to do such an act after Preston North End in 1888-89. The bright future of the team began in 1996 when Bertie Mee was appointed the manager of the team who led them to won their first victory in the form of Inter-Cities Fairs Cup. Then began their journey to victory which followed till 2005-06 when they became the first ever team of London to reach the UEFA Champions League by defeating the mighty Barcelona.

  • Liverpool

The Liverpool FC is known to be the ninth highest earner in football in the world in the year 2016-17 who earned annual revenue of €424.2 million. The club is seen to have an extensive rivalry with the Everton and Manchester United. From the birth of the team they have shown immense performance in playing football and during the 1970s they c[-gave player like Bill Shankly and in 1980s Bob Paisley who made the club to win 11 titles in League and 7 trophies in Europe.

  • AC Milan

AC Milan is the top football club in Italy who through their dedication showed how the game is played to get a victory. They hold joint records for three times winning International Cups and one time winning FIFA Club World Cup, seven European League Titles. They are deemed to be the second-most successful football club in series A along with their arch local rivals Juventus and Internazionale. The club has also won five Coppa Italia titles and seven Supercoppa Italiana titles.

  • France National Football Team

In 1998 and 2000, who could ever forget the legendary Zidane winning world cup for the team. The team also gave the football classy players like the Thurman, Vieira, Henry, and others who showed how to dominate the game in a fantastic way all across the world as well as in Europe. In 1998, they defeated the mighty Brazil team with their fabulous gameplay. The ball was played creatively in a way so that they reach the target attacking midfielder Zidane who made it to the goals with the help of others.

  • Real Madrid

It is regarded as one of the best teams in football because who could have given us such an unmatched brilliant player like Alfredo di Stefano. They also gave us the famous and immortal “Galloping Major” the Ferenc Puskas who made the team to show the legendary way to play football. In 2017, they became famous for becoming the famous club to win Champions League in back to back sessions.

  • Chelsea FC

They won the First Division Cup in the 1955 and in the last decade they won various titles for the clubs. They won 23 trophies till 1997 and in total the team has 28 major trophies to its name. In 2018, they are reported by the Forbes magazine the seventh most valuable team and in 2016-17 they became eight most teams to have highest-earning in football.

  • Spain National Football Team

They are the eighth national team who has crowned the FIFA World Cup in 2010 by defeating the Netherlands in the game. The team by doing show became the first European team to clinch the title. They also have Euro2008 and Euro 2012 tiles to their name which they got by defeating the mighty Germany and Italy.

10 FAMOUS AMERICAN SCIENTISTS IN HISTORY

  • Benjamin Franklin

    Benjamin Franklin was born on January 5, 1705, in America who was a polymath and was one of the founding members of the United States. Lightning Rod was one of his inventions which were invented when he identified that a sharp iron needle is able to conduct electricity away from a certain sphere of mental. He also invented bifocal spectacles which were made by him by keeping the upper half of the lens to see at distance and lower part of the lens to see in the front. He invented what is now known as Franklin stove which was a metal-lined fireplace that is made at a few distances behind the chimney. He was also the inventor of urinary catheter and armonica.

  • Thomas Edison

    Thomas Edison was one of the great American inventors and was a successful businessman who the famous electric bulb. The other inventions by him also included the phonograph and the motion picture camera. The improvement made by Edison in the incandescent light led to the invention of the electric bulb. The inventions made by him led to contribute to creating mass communication. Edison also developed a great system for distributing electricity and developed his first power station at Manhattan, New York in the Pearl Street. He died at the age of 84 in New Jersey in 1931.

  • Nikola Tesla

    Nikola Tesla was a Serbian-American who was a great inventor, physicist, mechanical and electrical engineer. He was the inventor of alternating current which was invented to offer safety in using electricity and provided electricity at lower prices. He invented the way light can be distributed and harnessed which was effective to help him create the first neon signboard. He invented the first remote controlled radio. One of his famous inventions is an electric motor. He is also the inventor of laser beams which is regarded as both good and evil bound together in the mind of the man. The concept regarding robots was formed from the thinking of Tesla.

  • John Forbes Nash Junior

    John Forbes Nash Junior was born on June 13, 1928, who as a great mathematician and has made great contributions to the differential geometry, game theory, and partial differential equations. The theories invented by Nash are seen to be extensively used in economics. He developed the properties and definition of the equilibrium which is presently known as Nash equilibrium which is a crucial part of the non-cooperative games. One of his main inventions was Nash emending equilibrium that offers that all abstract in Riemannian manifold is possible to be isometrically realized in the form of a submanifold of the Euclidean space. His works have also led to deliver great insight into the factors which governs decision-making and chance in a complex system that is usually found in life.

  • Kurt Godel

    Kurt Godel was initially Austrian and later became an American who is a mathematician, logician, and philosopher. His key inventions were Godel’s theorems that are the axiomatic system which refers to an imperfect analogy that is present in the liar paradox. His developed two incompleteness theorems in the year 1931 one of which the first informs that any form of self-consistent recursive axiomatic system is enough to power to provide a description about the natural numbers, there seemed to be true propositions of the numbers which are not able to be proved from the axioms. He died at the aged of 71 on January 14, 1978, at the Princeton, US.

  • John Von Neuman

    John Von Neuman is called the Father of the Modern Computer was born in 1903 as a Hungarian who later immigrated to America. He was the one who informed that the computer does not require separate space for storing instruction or data which led to creating a huge chance in the architecture of the computer. The analysis made by him regarding the structure of self-replication later led to the discovery of the DNA structure. He was behind the invention of the mathematical models which were used to build explosive lenses in the implosion-type nuclear weapon. He died at an age of 53 on February 8, 1957, in the US Washington.

  • James Watson

    James Watson was an American born geneticist, zoologist and molecular biologist who discovered the double helical structure of the DNA with the assistance of Rosalind Franklin and Francis Crick. The discovery was breakthrough to explain the way living cells are able to reproduce themselves according to their wish which led to some men with white hair and some with black and other genetic changes. His further studies contributed to the identification of the mechanism regarding protein biosynthesis and others. He has penned down many books name “Molecular Biology of the Gene” and “The Double Helix” which was written by him in 1968 was the bestseller.

  • Enrico Fermi

    Enrico Fermi is the first one in 1942 to invent nuclear reactor with his team that is called Chicago Pile-1 that helped in creating a controlled and self-sustaining nuclear reaction. This invention is presently in use in various nuclear plants in the world helping million to get nuclear energy for use. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics on 1938 for his famous works related to induced radioactivity through neutron bombardment and discovery of the transuranic elements. He is known for his work for demonstration of the first nuclear reaction chain in self-sustaining condition, Fermi golden rule, Fermi paradox, Fermi theory of beta clay, Fermi method and others.

  • Edward Teller

    Edward Teller is the Father of the Hydrogen Bomb was a renowned Hungarian-American physicist. He was born on January 15, 1908. He was the inventor of the first thermonuclear weapon Hydrogen Bomb. The idea came after his participation in the development and production of the first atomic bomb in 19041. He has made extensive contributions in the molecular and nuclear physics, surface physics and spectroscopy. He received the honorable National Medal of science in 1982. He has also developed an extensive plan for excavation of artificial harbour at Alaska by using thermonuclear explosive under the Project Chariot.

  • Samuel Colt

    Samuel Colt was a renowned American inventor who was also an industrialist and hunter. In 1836, Colt invented a revolver mechanism which allows a gun to be fired many times without any requirement to reload bullets. Colt was seen to develop a company that would manufacture revolving-cylinder pistol but the sales were so low that the business closed. However, in 1846 he delivered 1000 Colt revolvers to the US government as demanded and in 1855 opened one of the world’s largest armament factories. The manufacturing methods invented by colt are regarded as the forefront of the Industrial Revolution. The idea to use interchangeable parts by Colt helped the individual to become the first efficient one to efficiently use the assembly line.

MY DAY JOB VERSUS MY PASSION

As an ordinary day, I start my day. Waking up in the early morning and then fresh up myself and get ready for my office. I am working as an academic private tutor. About my job, it is interesting to me as my job helps me to encourage my knowledge. My job even helps me to upgrade my knowledge on the frequent basis.

I am a music lover and I am very passionate about music. I even love singing and on any special occasion my home or at my workplace, I sing songs. I am not a trained singer but I love to sing songs and this is my passion. I am always dreaming to get the chance in the singing at the higher level.

It is quite difficult for me to manage both the things passion and the current job together. The reason is I am so much tired off from my job and after that, I did not get that much time to sing. However, I did not get that much time daily with my singing but I tried hard to make up some time for my singing because this is my passion.

The job is the part as well as the necessity of the life. There has always been a complication arises between the job and the passion, when the person is doing differently than his or her passion. It is not possible for all to make their passion as their future job. For examples the celebrities or sportsperson, all they are passionate about their job and they love their job. Most of the cricketers, reality show’s dancers or singer and other actors have stated in their interview that either they all are highly qualified or degree holder but they are passionate about their hobby and dreams and they fight until the end. They fight until they did not achieve their goals or aim of the life. There are so many big examples are alive with us who have fought for their passion in against their jobs. MS Dhoni, the great finisher of the international cricket has fought well to complete his passion. He had the chance to continue his career in the Indian railway as stationmaster or Ticket Collector but he quit because he was passionate about cricket. He has the dream to wear that blue jersey once for the nation and hit a long six for the nation.
The person is ready to quit his or her current job and go for the passion. Passion can be anything. Become celebrity is not the only purpose of any human being in life. Some people were thinking about to become rich by setting up their own business, for example, KFC, Google, and Apple. These three are the biggest example to prove that passion really needs any particular age, it just needs an enthusiasm or zeal to perform in this challengeable world. The owner of the KFC was 65 years old when he has started his business from the bottom. He was a senior chef in a reputed hotel. After retirement, he has decided to open up his own business and has started to sell street foods. He with his spouse has started to sell street foods in New York. After a period, they have owned a restaurant by the name of KFC. Due to their quality food and services in the street, they got the popularity, which has motivated the owner to expand his business. In the recent time, KFC is the only large sector, an international organization that has more than 500 outlets in all over the world.

Another story is about Google, two friends, who were dropped out of the college because they worked on a project that has been rejected by their lecturers and professors. These two friends had created their own project and had launched email service over the internet. People now can easily talk or made conversation over the internet from one place to another. The kind of communication was first noticed by a reputed national financial agency and they had hired this service for their commercial use. Later on this idea get the popularity and in the current time, we all know Google. The journey has been started from failure and has now reached to the position as one of the most knowledgeable artificial persons.

The number one Smartphone seller in the world Apple has a gigantic story. The owner Steve Job was rejected with his idea from a large sector IT Company. Hence, he has decided to start up from the beginning, collaborated with a small scale IT Company, and has launched the first Apple device, iPod mp3. The device was costlier but better and durable than other kinds of devices. This brand has the popularity just because of its innovative technological idea in the market. In the current market, Apple is the only brand that has more than 70% of market share in the electronic mobile products as compared to another brand.

For all, it might be not possible to lead their career, according to their passion due to some critical circumstances. This is all depending on the luck on the primary basis and the person’s inner confidence and motivation that either that person wants to do it or not. By profession, Sunil Chhetri is an engineering student. He was actually pursuing his studies as the engineer, but he selected his career as the football player, which is his passion. He is the first youngest football player who was selected in the football club of England.

The passion comes from a dream and the dream comes from an inspiration. The inspiration enforced that person to be passionate about that dream and do what they love to. Kalpana Chawla, the first Indian women who have visited the space and represented the nation also make the nation feel proud. From her last interview before her dramatic death, she had stated that she was always dreaming about stars, moon, and space. She loved to hear stories about the stars and the moon. She was inspired by those stories and had decided to be an astronaut in her life. She started her career with the passion and proved it.

Passion is something that makes you alive in the life. Passion is not only a hobby. It is something that makes your day even makes your single second. As what I have mentioned above that, I am crazy about singing. I love to sing also looking for an opportunity in this field. Due to some critical situations and circumstances, I was failed to turn up my career in that field. I am also crazy about cricket. I love cricket. As mom and dad believed in me and understand my passion they help me to take cricket as my career, but again some circumstances have restricted me to choose that field as the carrier. I am still thinking about the time when I was going to the club to practice but cannot possible right now.

Currently, where I am working I actually like my job, but I am very much passionate about the music and singing at all. For me, both are important to me. One is to fulfill my need and another one is to entertain myself. After getting tired from the job or the entire, I love to hear music or a song that makes me feel relaxed and refresh my mind. As what I have experienced that if you were passionate about your job, then all the tasks would seem easy for you. The similar is happening to me, as I love my job, hence I never ever faced that much pressure in my tasks but yes tired of from the job. Than songs, change my mood.

The day job of the person can be contradicted with the passion when that person is disliking his or her job. Under this situation, the person then passes by mental pressure. Sometimes I was frustrated with my present job and thinking about the passion. When I have to take the decision between my day job and my passion than my vote is in the favor of my day job. For me, the decision is not so much difficult but when I have to think about my family and the responsibility then I have to stick to my job.

Different people have a different dream and passion in their life. Some got success to start up their career in their dreamt world, about which they are passionate. Others are sacrificing and trying to adjust. The human psychology says that people who failed to achieve their goal in their life they hoped it from their next generation.
In the end, I would like to add that, every person has a passion in their life and they need to fight until they got the chance to prove their passion. If a person did not get the chance to start the career over the passion than don not be demoralized keep fighting and waiting for the right time.

Top 5 equality picture books for primary

The process of preparation of children concerning the realities of the modern world is always a difficult and demanding one which necessitates the schools to be especially active in performing this task of instilling the sense of awareness in the children who are, by nature very impressionable from the earliest of days of developing their capabilities of comprehending the environment and the world which surrounds them.

To this effect, providing adequate and effective reading material in the form of books to raise the awareness quotient of the children concerning the issues concerning the gender equality prospects, could be judged to be the most significant factors that every school has to be concerned about while implementing its curriculum on various subjects and training the pupils for the future intellectual progression.

Recognition of necessity
With the passage of time, it is inevitable that the children would come in contact with the multitudinous categories of people who would be less inclined to conform to the nationalities which are generally propagated and accepted by the conventional and the conservative social perceptions.

In this respect, the necessity of instilling the senses of equality concerning the various gender orientation of the diverse and multicultural populace which pervades the social fabric of any globalized and internationalized society is paramount in nature.

Thus it is the responsibility of the schools to identify and utilise the most effective study material and decide upon the efficacy of the same to be applied in the course of educating the students about the necessity of providing an equal treatment and disposition of respect towards the gender orientations which could be markedly in difference from what the children, from an individual perspective and from their immediate environmental surroundings as well.

Welcoming every person, regardless of his or her background and gender orientation should be a core of references and operations by the schools in such conditions. Thus the clarifications concerning the ethos of the schools are of absolute necessity as well.

In this, respect, the Equality Act (2010) stipulates the necessity of public bodies to instill and foster the most effective and productive relationships which could be based on mutual respect and understanding between different people. The primary schools thus have this duty to be executed to set the discourses on the course and take the initiative to instill the necessary understanding within the psyche of every child throughout the formative years which constitute the early phases of development of a child, from both the perceptual and the educational perspectives.

Utilizing picture books
Books with a multiplicity of pictures have been underutilization and application through a long time to show youngsters about a distinction between various facets of life including the differences which exist within the human races and natures as well. This has been recognized as the most effective measures of communication with and education of the children and other pupils to praise the fascination that could be heralded in by the existence of a wide range of variety amongst the notions of various social, material and psychological discourses.

As far as it could be logically deduced, educators and teachers always attach value having an asset, for example, a photo book which could be used as the instruments of guiding the students while handling possibly precarious topics such as various different orientations of human beings concerning the topic of gender identity.

The efficacy of utilizing natural story books when the teachers need to discuss various contentious topics could be identified form the representation of the necessary educative lessons and messages which could be placed within a very closely knit yet easily discernable setting. This especially interesting and helpful for the teachers and the educators to provide the necessary assistance to the students to fathom the existence and reality concerning the people with diverse gender orientation along these lines which also considerably naturalizes and contributes in the normalization of the issue for the youngsters.

As such, it is always smarter and more preferable for any educational institution to utilize a story where the teachers could, with considerable ease of effort, establish the connection between the issue and the existing circumstances. This also becomes the most coveted format of teaching, through that of the storybooks bearing picture, as this is arguably the most effective medium which can be related to the topic under consideration to the collective consciousness of the pupils.

The associated advantage of the utilisation of the books with pictures could be recognised from the fact that as opposed to the utilisation of an issue based book about people with divergent gender orientation, which could be considered as a heavy hammer approach or a very crude undertaking to point out so subtle a context to yet more tender perceptual powers of the children, the application of a picture based book could always be understood to be more effective concerning the natural affinities of the children and early age students to comprehend even the most debilitative subjects from only looking at picturesque presentations through a book of such sort.

My best 5
These are effective and memorable books that most could find in their study corners and this could be the reason for the prescription of the same presuming the fact that each school library could find copies of such books to be handed to the students. These books have to be utilized with three specific objectives in mind.

The initial one is the composition of the ethos of equitability which also could be beneficial in addressing any cultural prejudice which could be harboured by the children which could be nothing but a cultural baggage which often accompanies any child from the precincts of one’s home to the professional world and this objective would be especially effective in providing the stepping stone in this regard to provide the basis on which the superstructure of understanding and equitable respect could be fostered with long-term effects in the future.

The second objective would be to harmonize the psychological perceptions of the children and sensitize the disparate thinking procedures of children to shape their notions of people with varied and diversified gender preferential in the manner that could be possibly deemed to be the most scientific and the most relevant in terms of the consideration from any perspective.

Ultimately the ultimate objective would be the introduction of both the children and the issues which pervade the entire cultural sphere of the modern day society concerning the debate of how the people with different gender orientations and preferences could be comprehended and treated within the current cultural and perceptual scenario where multiculturalism and intermingling of previously segregated human societies have become norms of the day.

The utilisation of these books are thus especially significant to provide the possibilities concerning the measures which are necessary to be put into place to incorporate the methodologies which are necessary for the formulation of the educational settings to ultimately convince the children about the acceptability of such human beings and their existence within the folds of the future societies, despite the fact that such a distinction of gender orientation could be in existence regarding such personnel. The involvement of the groups of parents and guardians is also very important.

Red Rockets and Rainbow Jelly by Sue Heap and Nick Sharratt

This book is often cherished by many in the education of children during the early years of the classrooms in light of the fact that the account is basic and youngsters can also comprehend and connect with the splendid and bright outlines of such a tale with relative ease of effort. Besides, the message behind the content is ideal for making the ideals of equity work perfectly in favor of the students.

We are conveying an exceptionally straightforward message here, however one which is fundamental to understanding the way the world works and how we fit in it. We don’t live in groups where everybody is the same; we live in groups made up of individuals with contrasts.

Regardless of whether there are contrasts in ethnicity, confidence, gender identity and orientation, age or capacity, we can get along in spite of these distinctions. It is as straightforward as that to consider that we can like diverse things and still like each other.

The Great Big Book of Families by Mary Hoffman and Ros Asquith

The opening of this book reveals to us that, all things considered, families come in a wide range of shapes and sizes and this argument is valid to a great extent. This book is quintessential in informing youthful youngsters about introduction into divergent gender orientations.

There can be a misguided judgment among a few guardians that when students are instructed about the sexual introduction in grade schools we are instructing about sex, when in all actuality we are essentially educating about individuals being unique, families being extraordinary and that distinction in many facets of life surround us considerably and it is alright.

This Is Our House by Michael Rosen

It is an ideal vehicle for presenting the inclusivity notions in our school ethos to kids, where we perceive differences inside our school and appreciate it with the notions that everybody is welcome and nobody is forgotten.

And Tango Makes Three by Justin Richardson and Peter Parnell

Kids adore this account of two male penguins beginning to look all starry eyed at and receiving a chick. This book has been utilized to instruct about differential orientation in gender preferences and in the introduction of distinctive families,

The Whisperer by Nick Butterworth

This is an extraordinary book to use with more seasoned kids to discuss the families, desires and associated emotional responses. The story has certain connections to Romeo and Juliet.

In the story protagonists of an opponent, feline packs experience passionate feelings for and a rodent spreads gossipy titbits about them that outcomes in a posse meeting where the couple is advised that they should not become the objects of disrespects to their families and that they should quit being enamored. The couple remains together and is sent away, just to come back with their offsprings and at last, the packs join together.

SELF IMPROVEMENT or SELF-HYPNOSIS

Self-hypnosis is a tool for introducing effective changes in your life. It is an important skill which would enhance your self-confidence to read and write. There is a strong relationship between self-hypnosis and self-improvement. We can acknowledge self-improvement as an effective result of self-hypnosis, in which our mind becomes able to make strong intentions and develop proper imagery of different aspects to understand them.

As a psychologist, I believe that self-hypnosis and self-improvement make you proactive. It is undergoing a process to improve your skill and understanding. If you can hypnotize yourself with a high level of self-confidence and concentration, you would be able to gain the fullest potential in your life. Self-hypnosis deals with the development of strong intention to develop your perception and cognitive skill. For making a self-improvement, you must set proper outcomes to have positive directions as well as an effective sense of choices. There are strong reasons why we need a high level of self-improvement.

Let’s discuss the different reason for making self-hypnosis and self-improvement.

  • Self-hypnosis is an important tool, for improving physical as well as mental strength. Self-hypnosis pushes your potential to make you better and come out of all the self-created boundaries that hinder your progress. If someone gets a proper push, the person became motivated and determined to breaks all the shackles. Self-improvement improves your skill to meet with various new people and get different perceptions of the world surrounding you.
  • Self-improvement and self-hypnosis make the huge transformation of people by making them regain their lost self-esteem. Through making yourself hypnotized, you can enhance your concentration and creativeness. We can acknowledge hypnosis as one of the important and useful medical therapy which improves your emotional and psychological well-being. Through self-hypnosis, you can provide proper respect and dignity to your thinking and activities. Self-esteem is one of the useful outcomes of self-improvement which enhance your ability to control your emotion and expectations for maintaining discipline in life.
  • Self-improvement and self-hypnosis lead to anger management. Medical science reveals the fact that anger is one of the risky behaviors of people which affect their health badly. It reduced their blood pressure and made you impatience quickly. Through self-hypnosis, you can be able to enhance your mental strength to make proper control of your own emotions. It makes you cool down easily which not only make you healthy but also promote psychological well-being within you.
  • Positive thinking is an integral part of leading a healthy life. Our conscious mind makes us able to take an important decision in our life. Positive thinking is essential for generating a completely different view of life. If people realize that they get tired of lives, the only way to motivate them is to incorporate positive thinking. Through self-hypnosis and self-improvement, we can encourage ourselves to think positive and become proactive.
  • Fear is the negative behavior which not only spoils your self-confidence but also damages your reputation in front of your peers. As a psychologist, I believe that you must develop the ability to confront your fear to dominate it. You can gain the ability only by making self-improvement through self-hypnosis. It would enhance your mental strength to set a small target for choosing your fears. By making self-motivation, you can make strong as well as positive thoughts in your mind which enhance your ability to transform the fear into strong determination.
    A self-improvement would make you able to invest yourself managing your thoughts and activities. By bringing positive way in your life, self-hypnosis can make you proactive enough to perform any task enthusiastically.

Here we can discuss some benefits of self-improvement and self-hypnosis in our lives, which are as follows

  • Self-awareness
    Personal development deals with awareness about yourself which enable you to find out your strength as well as weakness. Through self-hypnosis or self-improvement, you know about your beliefs, values, and perception. You would not be able to achieve true fulfillment through chasing other’s dreams; instead, you required to construct your own decisions and skills based on your ability. Self-awareness is one of the important outcomes of self-improvement which makes you able to have a strong purpose in life. If you chase your aim, you can learn a lot from the journey to reach the destination. Self-awareness makes you able to evaluate your ability to know what type of tasks is relevant to your skill and what your maximum strength is.
  • Directional sense
    Self-hypnosis would enhance your ability to control your mind for taking useful decisions. By raising your skill and confidence level, you become clearer on things that you want to achieve in your life. Self-hypnosis would make you how to convince your mind to choose a relevant task which would suit your ability and skill. Self-improvement is that, which make you understand which task you would include on your to-do list. You must not include such task which is highly time-consuming and needs a huge effort. Through self-hypnosis, you can make proper personality development to choose the best pathway for dealing with different functions in your life.
  • An improved focus in life
    Self-improvement fosters clarity among individuals. It improves the sense of direction to assist you choosing aspect which is relevant to your ability and skill. Through self-hypnosis, your mind gets concentrated on particular aspects which can be beneficial for your life to be focused. Through personal development, it becomes easier for you to focus on prioritization. A self-improvement would make you focused towards your objectives and clearer your way to achieving the objectives. Through enhancing the strength of mind you can easily evaluate the effectiveness of tasks, thereby can easily choose the task which would bring you best outcomes.
  • Greater resilience
    It is not necessary that your life always passes through a smooth pathway. There may occur tough times in your life. You need a high level of attributes and skill in dealing with these times smoothly. Self-improvement or self-hypnosis cannot resist these tough times to come. However, it can enhance your confidence and problem-solving ability to combat these tough challenges. Through self-hypnosis, you can minimize your anxiety and stress and enhance you’re an interpersonal skill to cope with the bad time.
  • Self-motivation
    It is not possible that you always confront easier tasks. However, if you know what you aim to achieve in your life, it would be easier for you to take proper actions in fulfilling the target. Your task may not be enjoyable to you; if you are sure about the beneficial outcomes of the task, you will try your best to achieve the objectives. Self-motivation is one of the important outcomes of self-hypnosis, which enhance your interpersonal skill to encourage you in dealing with the complicated task. It is obvious that the more you deal with the complicated task, the more can you shape your ability and skill to give error free result. Therefore self-improvement and self-hypnosis generate the necessary will within you to lead you beneficially to fulfill your target.
  • Optimization of mental performance

Self-hypnosis makes individual able to resist the situational anxiety which comes from fear, tormented incidents and un-supportiveness of our relatives. Several panic attacks reduce our sensation and confidence which make you unable to fulfil your target. Through enhancing mental strength, self-hypnosis would shape your thoughts and perceptions about different aspects. Through hypnosis, you can induce a state of positive thinking as well as strong mental processing. Self-hypnosis would enhance the affirmation, self-imagery and cognitive ability which are important to evaluate the effectiveness of different tasks in life.

Know the life purpose
Know your life process is important to transform you into more empowered and well-skilled person. Self-hypnosis is one of the improvement processes which motivate and inspire you to proceed in a positive direction for achieving your goals. Through continuous self-development process, you can shape your mission and vision to set a beneficial target in your life. Self-hypnosis through self-improvement makes your learns to make the huge ability for listening to your intuition and heart. Thus you can know what is the aim of your life is and how you can achieve it.

Positive approach and belief
Maintain right attitude in life is important to empower your strength and interpersonal skill. We always admire the individuals who represent strong personality and positive attitude in their life to combat any obnoxious episodes of life. Self-hypnosis can introduce positive belief within you through which you can generate right approach towards your goals. With strong self-confidence and polite behaviour, you can not only attract people’s attention but also can strengthen your skill to deal with difficult task easily with a positive approach. Self-improvement enhances your interpersonal skill and reshapes your attitudes which make you able to deal with tough times in your life

From above discussion, we would acknowledge that self-hypnosis and self-improvement would enhance our understanding and perception towards our life. It makes us clearer about our aim and objectives. Through self-hypnosis, we can make a huge self-improvement that not only strengthens our mental ability but also empowers our activities to deal with tough times. Through self-improvement we can reduce the anxiety and stress thereby can reinforce positive as well as fresh thoughts within us.

HEALTH & FITNESS FOR BUSY PEOPLE

It is important for every individual to burn body fats and makes a healthy body to stay fit. A recent health report stated that six out of ten working Americans cannot manage their time to do regular exercise.

In today’s fast-paced life, we are busy on a tight schedule to fulfill our target. A busy life is important to get success in life; however, it is also necessary to maintain health and fitness properly.

There is a chance of massive health disorder in case of busy people who work at least 10-12 hours to meet their requirements. Therefore health and fitness are important to enhance their metabolic activities. Busy people need extra calorie and more food to meet their metabolic requirement. Nutritious food is important to meet the protein needs of the body.

Busy people are highly prevalent in various health disorders. Heath is an important aspect to meet the nutritional requirement of your body. For busy people, as they are involved in different tasks, they cannot get free time for their relaxation.

  • Busy work schedule make you engaged in various deadly habits which can damage the health such as
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol leads to damage the metabolic activity of body
  • Unorganised diet which does
  • Sleepless night which damages the decision making power and problem-solving ability
  • Lack of concentration and mindfulness which affect thoughts and perception

For a busy person, it is important to maintain a good diet to provide proper nutrition and vitamins to their body. Here are the important dietary guidelines for busy people to get proper nutrition and to stay fit.

  • You must balance the food intake with proper physical activity. If you are more active, you require more food. As you work for a long time, your body needs a high portion of food to supply energy. Vegetables, fruits, salads and high amount water are the important diet to maintain your daily schedule. It is obvious that many people think that if they take a large portion of food in particular time and then stay fast for long hours, it would enough for them to stay healthy.
  • As a dietician, I face many cases where individuals work 9-11 hours a day and do not maintain proper time to take food. Some cases, they take a huge amount of food at a time and then stay without foods for long hours. It would lead to the development of overweight and obesity among them. If you follow a busy schedule in each day, you must take sufficient food for every 4 hours. It would provide proper nutrition to your body and discard chances of malnutrition.
  • Types of food are an important factor which affects individual health. Different people have a massive difference in their health preferences which brings huge disparities in their diet. Cultures and economic ability affect the food preference of people. Dieticians suggest that each individual should take considerable out of all proteins to meet the nutritional need of a body. With an experience of my long career, I believe that carbohydrate foods such as rice, bread, cereals or potato are important for everyday diet. Carbohydrate is an important source of energy which would enhance the strength of busy people to follow a daily schedule.
    It is my suggestion to you as a dietician, that as a busy worker you must put high fibre food in your diet. It would enhance you enhance your metabolic activities and generate huge energy to run your job.
  • You can take five or six fruits and vegetable in each day which would provide high-quality nutrients to your body to stay you healthy. You must avoid frozen, tinned and dried food. In our busy schedule, we most of the times take junk foods and frozen foods during office hours. It not only stores excess fats in your body but also enhances your body weight. Obesity is one of the common outcomes of eating junk foods we often experienced by busy people. Therefore you must take boiled food, fresh vegetables and fruits which would provide proper energy to your body.
  • Due to busy schedules, we do not have time to buy fresh foods from the market. Even we cannot make a proper selection of foods which would be effective for our health. As a dietician, I believe that mixture of bright coloured vegetable and fruits have high nutritional value. The colour food with high level nutritious is banana, carrots, cabbage, sweet potato, oranges, broccoli and cauliflower. These foods are important to make proper health among busy people by producing a high level of energy.
  • For maintain strong bones, you must follow a low-fat diet. If you take high-fat diet, your body cannot absorb the excess fat and these fats began to store in your body. Dietary foods with high level of vitamin D and calcium would make your bone strong and make you able to do a large amount of work in each day.
  • Protein foods are also important diet for busy people as they need extra protein to keep their mind strong and body active. Proteins foods play important role in the formation of new cells as well as in keep t our muscles strong. The large source of proteins is poultry, lean, meat, fish and egg. Salmon, fresh tuna, trout and sardines consist of a high level of omega – 3 which makes you able to produce huge energy to do your work. As a busy person, you need a consistent supply of protein into your body to make your bones and muscle actives. Therefore, you can take beans, nuts and eggs to meet protein requirement in your body.
  • It is important to know about the foods that can affect your health such as saturated fats, as well as animal fats. Saturated fats enhance the cholesterol level of any individual which increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Saturated fats include butter, lard, cream, fat on the meat, pudding, pate meat, skin on chicken, sausage and burgers, enhance the fat level in our body which make us prevalent to obesity and various heart risk.
  • However, in most of the times, when we spend times with our colleges, we eat junk foods or unsaturated fats which reduce our activity and bone strength. If there are too many fats stored around the bone, it automatically reduces the strength of muscles to perform well. Stored fat in our body also reduces the activity of muscle cells which make us to gain excess weight. Therefore, in our busy schedule, we must maintain low-fat food to stay fit get high muscle activity.

A healthy diet is not enough for stay fit in case of busy people. For maintaining healthy life it is important to make your blood circulation strong and keep your muscle activity. Exercise is an important aspect which can meet this requirement. Various exercises can be done by the people to stay fit and healthy.

  • People can make regular exercise and yoga to maintain their body fitness. A huge amount of food is not appropriate for our body. Therefore you must maintain a healthy diet to stay fit.
  • Proper nutritious foods are important to maintain proper metabolic functions in our body which enhance our blood circulation and make our cardiovascular system strong
  • In the morning, you can take long breathing which would enhance your concentration and improve your respiratory system. This is important to enhance the cavity to receive your breath. Long breathing is one of the important exercises which not only improve your lung system but also improve your sense and memory power.
  • Women must do exercise regularly to maintain their body fitness and enhance their metabolic activities. In the UK many women face a high level of obesity and mental disorder. It is important for women above 40 years to make freehand exercise to stay fit.
  • In case of men, they can join a gym to stay fit; however, recent health professionals state that people are not able to go the gym regularly. Therefore there occurs a dis-continuation of doing regular exercise in a gym, which affects our body structure and respiratory system. Most of the people who left gym suddenly, gain excess weight which leads to the occurrence of obesity.
  • Along with regular exercise, we must maintain a proper diet to stay fit. We must eat nutritious foods every day which enhance our physical as well as mental strength. Various seasonal fruits, vegetables, and meats can enhance our blood circulation and improve our energy level to do regular activities.

Therefore health and fitness for busy people are important to discard the chances of weight gain. Obesity and overweight are common outcomes of unhealthy feeding habits and ill-organized lifestyles. It is important to maintain proper diet chart to gain proper energy and nutrition. Busy people do not manage their time to have timely food and exercise which make them unable to have improved metabolic system and well-organized lifestyle.

Therefore, we must maintain proper lifestyles and healthy diet to maintain strong body fitness. Furthermore, regular exercise is also important to make our feet and healthy.

PRESENTATION SKILLS FOR A NEW CONVERSATION

Mark Twain says “A man’s character may be learned from the adjectives which he habitually uses in conversation”. Speaking in front of several audiences is effective skill and not the innate ability. While you represent your view in front of your audience, you want to attract their attention towards the topic of your presentation. Due to poor formal circumstances, in many times it happens that, you cannot make a proper impression on your target audience.

Being a speaker, you must deliver your message in a convincing and confident way to engrave your image within the mind of your audience. For making new conversation, it is important to make unique as well as smart presentation skill. If you want to make people understand the underlying message of your conversation, you must represent this by attractive and innovative manner such as slide presentation.

Every person wants to improve their conversation and presentation skill while delivering any speech in front of a target audience. Professional individuals can easily get a proper place in the mind of an audience by delivering an attractive speech which can mesmerise people.

Here I have represented useful benefits of strong presentation skill in making good conversation

Presentation skill- the useful conversation process

The presentation is an effective way to represent complicated aspects with simple as well as interesting information which easily attract the audience. For maintaining a new conversation, a speaker can communicate the feelings and thoughts with the target people. Through accurate and informative presentation, you would be able to make awareness regarding particular issues, product or service. There are several benefits of making strong presentation such as

  • Creating variety
    There are different types of audiences in the world and their choices are also different. Through forming short and specific presentations, you can represent the variety of contents in front of your audience to fulfil their requirements. By forming presentation, a speaker can introduce several points into their slides which highlight the prime elements of the presentation. By introducing attractive audio-visual graphics, images and posters, you can catch the attention of your customers into particular aspects.
  • Maintaining audible pace and tone
    The excellent presentation contains not only attractive contents but also high-quality audio effect. If you use the audio-visual effect in your presentation, it will make the audience able to understand the contents easily. The audio sound must be clear and considerably laud so that every audience can hear this. The words used in the audio must be articulated as well as enunciated.

Maintaining optimal pace is important for conducting any good presentation. This makes the listeners able to realize the entire concept of the presentation, ask questions and take notes. Professional speakers, while conducting a new conversation, must not make quick presentations and must provide proper time to an audience to hear and understand the underlying concept of the content. For making further conversation, it is important for both the listeners and the speakers to establish a good relationship with each other which can be possible if the listeners would be able to understand the speech.

  • Enthusiasm, emphasis and gesture
    Enthusiastic speakers can be able to motivate their audience by communicating, collaborating and answering questions. For conducting verbal communication, it is important to maintain proper manners and gestures which can impress your target audience.
  • Create positive impression
    Through attractive presentation, you can convey a message of positivity, motivations and encouragement among your audience to involve them in social well being. In case of promotional presentation, you can make a new conversation regarding your product and service and highlights the usefulness of these things which generates positive impression on listener’s mind. In case of making new conversation, you can represent innovative presentation with full of positive thinking which encourages people to listen to your speech and try to realise the underlying content.
  • Time-saving
    Being a good speaker, you must provide a concise and informative presentation which saves the time as well as the effort of yourself and your audience. The conversation must be free from any jargon and waffle. A good presentation must be clear and memorable for your audience. The audience can easily understand what you want to convey. The presentation in case of new conversation would contain clear points and prime aspects which the audience can easily recognize and memorise. The presentation must be short and specific which would not make the audience bored and made them able to hold their interest till it ends.
  • Boost confidence
    The audience always prefers smart and highly confident lecturers who can deliver high quality and attractive speech and would answer all the questions of audience tactfully. If your presentation is uninspiring and dull and it is unable to imbibe the target audience, you lose your self-confidence. In making new conversation, good presentation is important to enhance your ability to confront various audiences and manage their questions in a well-organised manner. Good presentation is important to enhance your ability to represent any issue attractively in front of an audience to make global awareness on it.

In making new conversation, it is important to enhance the proficiency level of delivering lectures. In many times, speakers get nervous due to face a large number of audiences first time for making new conversation. If you get nervous at that time, it would not only damages your reputation in front of an audience but also make your audience disappointed, Therefore, it is important to know, how can make a good presentation in front of an audience to form a new conversation.

Here I provide some tips which can enhance the efficiency of your presentation in making new conversation

  1. Keep short and simple slides
    Your slides must be specific and would focus on the main points which would make your audience able to understand the underlying concept of your presentation. Slides with large contents, make the audience bore and exhausted. It would be better if you arrange your content in bullet points in each slide which makes the audience to easily recognize the exact content of a presentation.
  2. Maintain proper connection of ideas with stories
    While forming new conversation, your target would be to make the audience to understand your ideas. As it is your new conversation with the audience, it is important to make clear and useful content which the audience can easily absorb. During introducing the slides of your presentation, you must convert your ideas into stories, which can make the listeners able to get vast knowledge about the content. If you can develop your ideas into impressive stories, it would be most attractive to the audience and they can easily accept it.
  3. Involve audience in conversation
    As you conduct a new conversation with your audience, you have to understand their exact psychology. It is possible by involving the audience in the conversation. The presentation would be two-way conversation process, in which speakers would give lectures on selected content and then the audience would make effective feedback by raising different questions related to the topic.People listen to your speech to learn something from you. If your speech is helpful to your audience, they will follow you. You must involve the audience in the conversation by telling them to give their valuable feedback. If you get positive feedback from your audience, you become confident and would make effective conversation again on another topic. Similarly, negative feedback would provide the opportunity to assess your drawbacks.
  4. Question answer session
    Question answers are a helpful process in case of a new conversation. Through making effective answering the questions of audience, you can generate a high level of problem-solving ability and self-confidence. When you would face different types of questions from your audience, you can understand their preference and psychology. It is not necessary that you would be able to answer all the questions. Your approach must be polite and helpful in dealing with different types of questions. Your answering different questions would make audience able to fulfil their requirement and make them learn some positive points from your speech. Questions answers session would be helpful to enhance your ability to deal, with different queries of different people.
  5. Innovative ideas representation
    Through presentation, you must ensure that you represent some innovative as well as unique ideas in front of your audience. Through this innovative approaches, you can enhance the interest of audience towards your lecture and they would follow your next speech. In each slide, you must include informative data which will be helpful to listeners to gain better knowledge about the content. You can put recent statistics or information in your content to make your speech more accurate and specific which make you different from other speakers.

It is obvious that presentation skill is important to attract the audience during your lecture. In case of conducting a new conversation, it is important to make proper rapport with your audience which you can achieve by maintaining accuracy and innovation in your content. Excellent presentation skill would enhance your confidence level and can fulfil the requirement of your audience. Therefore, you must conduct an effective presentation to communicate with the audience and make them able to know what you want to deliver.

TIPS FOR RUNNING EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES

Morgan Freeman says “When I was a teenager, I began to settle into school because I’d discovered the extracurricular activities that interested me: music and theatre”. Children need more than regular academic knowledge and classroom learning. Recent studies show children those are involved in extracurricular activities represent better academic performance.

However, teachers and educators always face the common dilemma about how to implement these extracurricular activities into an academic framework. Parents and teachers are also worried about which activities should they chose to enhance the potential and self-confidence of their child.

Consider all the above factors; we can represent some common tips to incorporate extracurricular activities into academic life.

Be flexible
Flexibility is important in student life to adopt us to any activities and performance. Sports are one of the preferable extracurricular activities. However, all students do not prefer sports. However, there are different activities which students can perform such as poetry club, pi club, coding clubs and debater clubs. Codemoji is the fun program which makes them a child to enjoy a lot and learn different things with funny pictures and videos.

Experiment with different activities
As an educator, I always question that – is these extracurricular activities are relevant to child needs? Teachers and staffs would make a proper experiment on the effectiveness of extracurricular activities. It is important for students that school should follow the type of extracurricular activity which can be able to enhance students potentials, knowledge and perception. By incorporating proper fun oriented programs, a school can engage students in different activities which enhance their confidence and perception.

Safeguard
During incorporation of the extracurricular activities inform academic framework, schools have to keep in their mid-first that teacher should ensure the safety of each child. Extracurricular activities such as dancer, painting and sports can make child wound which leads to the injuries into a different body part.

Think beyond the common activities
As a senior educator, I believe that extracurricular activities play important roles in introducing new changes in student life. They can go beyond their common activities such as learning, writing and reading and can make proper enjoyment through performing several extracurricular activities.

Schools can develop planning of different new activities other than the common activities which can attract the students. Such as many students do not prefer to do sports, school authority makes engage them in horticulture, crafts and, group debating and puzzle solution. These activities not only provide child more pleasure to perform but also make them learn effective things which they can utilise in a future life to cope with the unfavourable condition.

Recognise peer’s talent
Extracurricular activities would enhance your expertise and make you polite in your personal and professional life. In your life, you should appreciate the ability and talent of your colleagues and pers. In schools, when dealing with extracurricular activities, you must not neglect the knowledge and skill of colleagues. You can engage yourself in different activities such as gardening, baking, sewing and cooking.

During my school days, I used to do gardening with my peers, which enhance my adjusting ability and polite approach. In many times my roommates and I were involved in cooking which made strong friendship among us. From this experience, I can say that extracurricular activities which we performed with synergistic approach would not only enhance the ability to learn n new things bust also improve behaviour and attitude.

Involve the assistance of the old students
Through extracurricular activities, we can engage older students to involve in the activity and enhance their skill through a continuous learning process. As an educator, I can say that, during performing different activities, there occurs sharing of decisions and ideas among old and new students which enhance their ability to make a collaborative approach and proper cooperation among them.

As teachers or educator, we should encourage our students to cooperate with other students and respect the decisions and ideas of others. Skill development that we can reinforce into our child through extra curriculum activities can enhance their communication skill and interactive capacity. The synergistic approach of both the old and new students can make them able to share their problems and solve it by a collaborative approach.

Charitable, voluntary and third sector organisation
You can allow your child to interact with voluntary and charitable groups in the local area. By making your child involved in proper community engagement, you can provide a fresh perspective on them. Extracurricular activities which focus on the strengthening the relationship between your child and community can improve psychological as well as the physical well-being of your child. Community engagement makes your child able to have proper strategies to fulfil their dream.

Common good
As educator and teachers, we can encourage psychological and physical well being of our child. As an educator, I can say that, instead of getting worried about what we can do for our child, we better think that how we can engage our child into the betterment of society and another child. This activity can enhance the moral and ethical values of our children. School, the authority can arrange different social charity programs and can involve students to undertake different voluntary work. These activities make student encourage doing synergistic work which enhances their cooperative approach and make them understand the social responsibilities.

Extracurricular activities are not confined to sports, dance, debate and painting. It can deal with broad social and corporate responsibilities and community engagement. Do I confront the question that – how do we involve our child in sports or dance or painting for their skill development? I acknowledge that games, painting or debates are skill-enhancing activities which can enhance the physical strength and mental ability.

However, I cannot understand that why don’t we consider psychological wellbeing and social responsibility as important extracurricular activities, which can introduce ideas of social welfare and ethical as well as moral values? As parents or teachers, our duty is not limited to making our well-educated child person but also to make them a good human being.

Community attachment and social responsibility are important aspects which we can reinforce positive thinking and motivation into our child. As a senior educator, I always believe that development of good thinking and perception is important which can enhance the synergistic approach and collaborative attitudes among students.

Make involvements of everyone
While doing an extracurricular activity, you can involve everyone in your schools as well as outside the classroom such as staffs, supervisor, mentor, students and parents to perform the task with the synergistic approach. You can engage your senior’s students in fun programs such as science club and poetry club and can observe their activities and approaches in dealing with different tasks. A senior student can guide the kids with their perceptions and ideas and can share their experience with the new students to make them motivated into activities.

Involvement of other students would encourage your child to involve with a new task, and they can feel the benefits of working together. As teachers, you can support your senior students to encourage the kids to involve into new tasks. As a senior educator, I believe that effective involvement of all school staffs into work can make a healthy and supportive environment for all the child which encourage them to deal with several new tasks.

Teamwork in reaching fun goals
School can set different fun goals which attract the students to perform the activities. Teachers and educators can set criteria according to which students have to perform in a team and try to achieve the reward. These ways of performing extracurricular activity make student to learn about the benefit of a team working and cooperative approach.

It is evident that kids can be involved in a funny quarrel which can spoil their energy of doing the work. However, through teamwork, children can share their thoughts with their peers and can also gain better knowledge about per perception.

Maintain anti-bullying work culture in school
School culture is an important factor for a child to support their mental as well as physical growth. School, the authority should ensure that all students would be provided equal opportunity to perform extracurricular activities. School management should appoint one director who will supervise the entire activities of students and ensure that there would not be any chaos or offensive performance. Children would get full support from their teachers and school staffs and are allowed to share their view and ideas.

Extracurricular activities make child enable to attain string physical and psychological well-being. Through team working with peers can share their views and thoughts which improve their self-confidence and decision making power. Through effective collaboration with teachers and staffs, children can know how to involve in synergistic work and how to work in cooperatively with others.

Through extracurricular activities, students can grow their knowledge, perception, thoughts and problem-solving capacity. By achieving proper reward by winning funny activities child become motivated to involve in new games. We should acknowledge that extracurricular activity not only enhances knowledge of our child but also improve their sense of humour and decision-making ability.

JOB INTERVIEW TIPS

When you get an excellent job opportunity, you have to prepare yourself for grabbing that to achieve your target. Cracking the interview is not an easy task as the recruiters want you to not only stand on their criteria but also be able to prove your expertise. If you have already faced different interview, you know that it is not an easy process to meet all criteria of different recruiters.

As an HR manager, I feel that grabbing the opportunity of a wonderful job interview, needs some tactics which would represent you smarter and efficient than others in front of employers. It’s not necessary that you have to gain vast knowledge about every possible aspect; instead, you have to be smart, straightforward and efficient in communication.

Here I represent some useful tips which would be beneficial to crack the interview.

  • Conduct thorough research on recruiting company and recruiters

The first thing you can do after getting any job interview call is to make a thorough research on the recruiters and recruiting organisation. The more you make research on them, the more you would gain better knowledge regarding the criteria and requirement of the recruiters. By searching through official websites, online articles and magazines, you can obtain lots of information on the background of the company, pattern of interview questions asked by the recruiters and current economic condition of the company.
It is better to gain clear knowledge about the company before you would go for the interview. It not only enhances your confidence before meeting new people but also increases your knowledge about the company. By gaining proper knowledge on the recruiting company, you can realise the pattern of interview questions and can feel the exact requirement of recruiters.

  • Make effective review of possible interview questions

Effective analysis of possible interview question is important to enhance your strength to deal with different criteria of recruiters. It is not necessary that the questions at the interview hall that you face would be similar to that you have reviewed. However, the review of possible questions would make you able to answers different types of questions by applying the concept you get from the review.
For making further improvement, you can ask the higher management of recruiting company about the type of interviews such as whether it is a group interview or one-on-one process. You can also ask that, whether the panel would consist of only one interviewer or more than one interviewer. These concepts would assist you to get prepared for the interview. You need not memorise the answers that you have gained through review. You need to realise the concept and would enhance your communication skill to provide a fluent and smart answer to the recruiter.

  • Represent proper time management

For any organisation, time management is important and vital to meet the organisational goals. You must reach the interview venue 15 minutes before the scheduled time. The recruiter would not excuse you due to late arrival. There may be some additional work such as filling of some documents or talking to the receptionist to know that, in which room the interview is going on.
As HR manager, I feel that time management is important in cracking the interview. Your arrival before the scheduled time can offer you the opportunity to observe the dynamics of the company and the workplace environment. Therefore being punctual and good time managing person is important to grab the job opportunity.

  • Be relaxed and calm

When you go for an interview, you must be aware that recruiter would expect you to be highly smart and cool minded who can handle any complicated job tactfully. After reaching interview venue, you must be relaxed and ready to face the interview. You always remember that recruiter may reject you from their selection list if you get nervous at the time of the interview, in spite of giving a good answer to maximum questions. Therefore be smart and relax when reaching the interview venue and represent an impressive approach in front of an interviewer. Your self-confidence is important to make interviewer convinced that you are eligible to do any task.

  • Form good impression

We always remember that your first impression is the last impression to the interviewer. After reaching the interview venue, you can meet different people such as receptionist, attendants and higher managers. You should enter into interview hall with a warm greeting to all and polite attitude. Employers can be curious to know your behaviour with staffs as well as with other people. Your rude and harsh approach can derail your job opportunities easily. For making a strong impression on the interviewer, you should be well dressed, polite and must reach the interview venue in time.

It is important to make proper eye contact with your interviewer which makes them able to observe your expression and confidence level. You must welcome the interviewer with making soft handshaking and wish them properly. In the first few minutes, you can impress your interviewer by keeping a slight smile on your face through the entire interview process. Smiling face would make the interviewer feel that you are firmly confident in your ability and you can be able to meet company’s goals.

  • Be upbeat, confident, authentic and concise
  1. After the interview starts, you must maintain the quality of delivery of answers to different questions. It may occur that you are not able to answer all the questions. However, you must ensure that the answer you have given accurate and authentic. You should handle each interview question truthfully which establish your truthfulness and loyalty in front of your recruiters.
  2. It is evident that only loyalty is not sufficient to impress the employers. They seek a high level of intelligence, expertise and skill among the job seekers. You must focus on your experience, skill and can fit yourself with any interview questions which would show your adaptability.
  3. Lengthy and irrelevant answer make the employers bore and unable to hold their patience to listen to the job seeker. Your answer must be to the point and brief with a high level of specification which could make the employers understand the prime aspect of your answer easily. With representing rambling responses, you must show punctual accomplishment and solutions to each question.
  4. It does not matter, that how much an interviewer would bait you, you always maintain your polite approach and soft attitudes towards your peers and staffs of the organisation. Sometimes it occurs that, interviewer try to provoke you to experiment with your patience. At that moment you must hold your patient and answer each question with a good smile and polite approach.
  • Maintain proper body language

The content of the interview responses is paramount and poor body language can be a good reason for not hiring you. Strong body languages that can impress your employers are eye contact with your employers, active listening, solid posture, smiling face and nodding. Detrimental body language such as fidgeting in a chair, touching your hair or face, rolling your hair with fingers, mumbling or chewing gum and talking in a loud voice, can make a negative impression on the interviewers and they may reject your name from a selection list. Rude behaviour or argument with peers can also represent you as a person who is unable to hold patience in a critical time.

  • Sell yourself as far as you can

It is not necessary that only highly qualified candidate would grab the job opportunity. Employers seek the intelligence, common sense, patience and smartness among jobseekers which make them able to deal with any situation in an organisation. You must become approachable towards the interview question and would try to implement your knowledge and understanding to make significant answer.
You must establish all your possible knowledge and skills that may be helpful to deal with the interview questions to impress the interviewer. You should not be overconfident in your ability; however, you must represent your skill and perceptions to deal with the interview questions which would establish your knowledge, smartness and self-confidence in front of your interviewer.

  • Don’t become desperate

Many job seekers become desperate in interview halls and make a strong appeal to the interviewer to hire them. These types of approaches can make you lose the chance of getting the job. If you show the desperateness of getting the job, it can show your low confidence level and your lack of knowledge. You must be cool, confident and calm during an interview and always maintain your personality which would impress the interviewer.

  • Don’t become cocky

You must maintain the proper balance between professionalism modesty and confidence. You must put your best performance to represent your ability and maintain politeness as well as modesty in the way you would answer.

  • Follow up

You must follow up with a warm regard by saying thank you, which would represent your interest in the designation of the recruiting company. You have to maintain the common courtesy as well as the politeness by sending thanks via email to your recruiters which would represent your regards for the designation and the recruiters.

Above tips can be helpful to provide your overall knowledge on your appearance during interview hall, nature of questions and the way you deal with the interviewers. However, the prime key to success in interview hall is your self-confidence and problem-solving capability. Always be positive and believe in your ability which provides you strength to deal with the different interview in your life.